Procedia of Social Sciences and Humanities https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh <p><strong>Procedia of Social Sciences and Humanities</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(PSSH)</strong>&nbsp;is published by Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo four times a year.&nbsp;<strong>Procedia of Social Sciences and Humanities</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(PSSH)</strong>&nbsp;provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.&nbsp;<strong>Procedia of Social Sciences and Humanities</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(PSSH)</strong>&nbsp;aims is to provide a place for academics and practitioners to publish original research and review articles. The articles basically contains any topics concerning in Social science.&nbsp;<strong>Procedia of Social Sciences and Humanities</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(PSSH)</strong> is available in online version. Language used in this Proceeding series is English.</p> Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo en-US Procedia of Social Sciences and Humanities 2722-0672 Analysis of the Influence of the Number of Population, Wages, And HDI on Open Unemployment Rate in Central Java, 2016-2020 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/196 <p><em>Indonesia is one of the developing countries that has a major problem, namely the relatively high unemployment rate. This high unemployment rate causes an open unemployment rate. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of the influence of population, wages, and the human development index on the open unemployment rate in Central Java Province in 2016-2020. The open unemployment rate is the dependent variable, while the population, wages, and the human development index are independent variables. This study uses a quantitative descriptive approach with secondary data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency for a period of 5 years starting from 2016-2020 consisting of 35 districts/cities. The analytical technique used is panel data regression analysis using Eviews 9 software.</em></p> Riana Julihan Sari Eni Setyowati Copyright (c) 2022 Riana Julihan Sari, Eni Setyowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 1 7 10.21070/pssh.v3i.196 Analysis of Unemployment, Capita Income, and HDI on Economic Growth on Indonesia, 2017-2020. https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/195 <p><em>Economic growth is one of the important indicators to measure the level of progress and development in a country. This study aims to determine the effect of Unemployment, Per capita Income, and Human Development Index (IPM) on Economic Growth in Indonesia in 2017-2020. The analytical method used in this regression research is descriptive analysis and panel data analysis using Eviews 10 software, with secondary data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) with a cross section covering 34 provinces in Indonesia which produces 136 observations, while the time series data starting in 2017-2020. The results showed that the 3 variables tested, Unemployment had a positive and significant effect on economic growth with a probability of 0.0000 &lt; = 0.01, income per capita had a positive and significant effect on economic growth with a probability of 0.0000 &lt; = 0.01, while the index Human Development (IPM) has a negative and significant effect on economic growth with a probability of 0.0542 &lt; = 0.10. The results of the study of the coefficient of determination (R2) also show good results, where 86% of the variation in the growth dependent variable can be explained by the independent variables of Unemployment, Per capita Income and Human Development Index (IPM). While the remaining 13.83% is explained by other variables that are not included in the model.</em></p> Sandra Dwita Sari Eni Setyowati Copyright (c) 2022 Sandra Dwita Sari, Eni Setyowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 8 18 10.21070/pssh.v3i.195 Factors Influencing Millennial Generation Investment Decisions: Focus on Investment Behaviour https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/198 <p><em>The Covid-19 pandemic has hit all corners of the world so far. The impact of Covid-19 is affecting the economy in various countries around the world. One of the reasons for the decline in the Indonesian economy is the decline in people's purchasing power, which in the end brings very bad consequences for the world economy, including Indonesia, especially when viewed from the side of tourism, trade and investment. During the pandemic, many people hold back their money to invest. Not infrequently the millennial generation is characterized as a generation that has consumptive behavior and tends to have poor financial management. However, in recent years the millennial generation has begun to realize the importance of managing short-term or long-term finances by saving or investing. The purpose of this study is to analyze and test the effect of Overconfidence Bias, Representative Bias, Regret Aversion, Mental Accounting, and Herd Behaviour on investment decisions in the millennial generation. The population in this study is the millennial generation with the characteristics of having invested. The method in this study used a survey method using a questionnaire. The sampling technique used was convenience sampling and got a sample of 145 respondents. The data was processed using SPSS 25. Testing using multiple linear regression equations. The value of Adj.R</em><em><sup>2</sup></em><em>&nbsp;is 0.123, which means that these variables have an effect on investment decisions of 12.3%. The results showed that the Overconfidence Bias variable had a positive effect on investment decisions, while Representative Bias, Regret Aversion, Mental Accounting, and Herd Behaviour had no significant effect on investment decisions.</em>&nbsp;</p> Fazura Mutiara Pratiwi Dewita Puspawati Copyright (c) 2022 Fazura Mutiara Pratiwi, Dewita Puspawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 19 27 10.21070/pssh.v3i.198 The Effect of Work Culture and Personality Toward Teacher’S Organizational Commitment on Public Junior High School - Kei Kecil - Southeast Maluku https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/194 <p><em>The objective of this causal research was to obtain information concerning: (1) the effect of </em><em>work</em><em>&nbsp;culture toward organizational commitment; (2) the effect of</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>personality toward organizational commitment; </em><em>and </em><em>(3) the effect of </em><em>work</em><em>&nbsp;culture toward personality.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>The research was conducted by using a survey method with path analysis ini testing hypothesis. Ini this research, teachers on Public Junior High School – Kei Kecil-Southeast Maluku has been choosen as a unit analysis and 112 samples of teachers were selected in random. The results of the research are as follows: (1) there is a direct positive effect of </em><em>work </em><em>culture toward organizational commitment; (2) there is a direct positive effect of personality toward organizational commitment; </em><em>and </em><em>(3) there is a direct positive effect of </em><em>work </em><em>culture toward personality. </em></p> Subhan Elewarin Copyright (c) 2022 Subhan Elewarin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 28 33 10.21070/pssh.v3i.194 The Effect of Microwave Oven Power Variations on Co-Pyrolysis Process of Oil Palm Shells and Polystyrene https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/193 <p><em>Indonesia has a very large area of ​​oil palm plantations, one of which is the island of Sumatra. However, in processing and handling palm oil product waste in the form of palm shells, it has not been maximized. Therefore, the chemical decomposition process can play an important role in supporting waste management and sustainable energy use in Indonesia which is not yet optimal. In this research, the proper use of power will be tested with the help of microwaves as a reactor for the co-pyrolysis process of oil palm shells and polystyrene plastic. The purpose of this study was to determine the appropriate power to produce maximum co-pyrolysis products and to investigate the physical characteristics of the oil-pyrolytic products. The test uses a microwave oven which has a power variation of 300 W, 450 W, 600 W, and 800 W with the addition of a catalyst. The ratio of the composition of oil palm shells to polystyrene plastic is 1:1 with a total mass of 105 gr and using coconut shell charcoal as an activated carbon absorber. The pyrolysis temperature is 500 ℃, the nitrogen gas flow rate is 1.5 LPM, and the pyrolysis time is 60 minutes. Furthermore, testing the physical properties of the pyrolysis oil product in the form of density, acidity, and viscosity testing. The results showed that the optimal power to obtain oil-pyrolytic was 600 W with a product oil of 17.6%, and from the physical properties it had a low viscosity value of 2.55 mPa.s with a pH level of 6.6.</em></p> Rizal Nazarrudin Harwin Saptoadi Copyright (c) 2022 Rizal Nazarrudin, Harwin Saptoadi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 34 40 10.21070/pssh.v3i.193 The Effect of Profitability, Leverage, Sales Growth, Independent Commissioners, and Institutional Ownership on Tax Avoidance https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/192 <p><em>The still high cases of tax avoidance in Indonesia, prompting the need to identify the factors that affect tax avoidance.</em>&nbsp;<em>This study aims to determine and analyze the effect of profitability, leverage, sales growth, independent commissioners, and institutional ownership on tax avoidance in manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the 2016-2020 period.</em>&nbsp;<em>This research was designed using quantitative methods. The data used in this study were obtained from the website www.idx.co.id and the company's financial statements. The sampling technique used purposive sampling and obtained as many as 49 companies for each year. The total sample used is 245 and the data outlier is 41 so that the total sample is 204 during the 5-year observation period. The collected sample data was then tested for hypotheses using the method of multiple linear regression analysis, and statistical test analysis. The test results show that the profitability variable has a significant effect on tax avoidance.</em>&nbsp;<em>While the variables of leverage, sales growth, independent commissioners, and institutional ownership have no significant effect on tax avoidance.</em></p> Sabila Dwi Agustiana Eny Kusumawati Copyright (c) 2022 Sabila Dwi Agustiana, Eny Kusumawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 41 50 10.21070/pssh.v3i.192 Komunikasi Dialogis dalam Rangka Penyelesaian Konflik antara Pelaku Industri Dengan Masyarakat https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/191 <p><em>Multi-group conflict occurs when community groups with different interests from other groups have a variety of priorities for each resource and the development of management policies. Likewise in the dynamics of conflict between industry players and the community in defending their every interest. Conflict complexity basically includes various combinations of power, value and economic resources. Related to complexity which is often beyond the authority of institutions in general and there are standard procedures that have been carried out so far, to build consensus from various stakeholders, it is necessary to have a resolution by conducting a collaborative approach involving various other constituents. This collaborative approach in groups needs to be carried out dialogically in order to get an understanding between the conflicting groups. Then, among others, they reach consensus to achieve the desired resolution between the interests of stakeholders.</em></p> Sabiati Sri Hastjarjo Sudarmo Copyright (c) 2022 Sabiati, Sri Hastjarjo, Sudarmo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 51 55 10.21070/pssh.v3i.191 Analysis of Factors Affecting Financial Management of Accounting Students During the Covid-19 Pandemic (Case Study on Accounting Students at Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/185 <p>This study aimed to examine the effect of mental accounting, lifestyle hedonisme, socio-economic status of family, gender, and fintech payment on the financial management of accounting students at Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. The analysis used in multiple regression analysis bu using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) 21 version. The results of this study indicated that the mental accounting, lifestyle hedonisme, socio-economic status of family, and fintech payment had a&nbsp;positive and significant effect on the financial management og accounting students. While the variables gender didn’t have a&nbsp;positive and significant affect on the financial management og accounting students.</p> ERVINA DENTA MAR'ATU SHOLIKHAH Kurnia Rina Arian Copyright (c) 2022 ERVINA DENTA MAR'ATU SHOLIKHAH, Kurnia Rina Arian https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 56 65 10.21070/pssh.v3i.185 Analysis of the Effect of Education, Population, Employment, Minimum Wages on Poverty in Riau Province 2017-2021 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/183 <p>This study entitled the effect of education, population, employment and district minimum wages on poverty in Riau Province in 2017-2021. This study aims to determine the magnitude of the effect of the dependent variable on the independent variable. The data analysis method used is panel data using Eviews 8. From the data it can be concluded that the variables of education, population, employment, district minimum wages affect the poverty variable. Partially, the population variable has a positive effect on the poverty variable, and the district minimum wage has a negative effect on poverty.</p> Mayang Umi Pertiwi Eni Setyowati Copyright (c) 2022 Mayang Umi Pertiwi, Eni Setyowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 66 72 10.21070/pssh.v3i.183 Factors Affecting Poverty in Central Java Province 2018-2020 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/182 <p><em>Poverty is one of the diseases that exist in the economy of each country, especially in Indonesia, which is included in the category of developing countries which can still be said to have a fairly high poverty rate. The problem of poverty is a problem that is so complex and always exists in social life that involves aspects of human life, even though its presence is often not realized by the person concerned. This study aims to analyze the effect of Education, Population, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) and Labor Force on the level of Poverty in Central Java in 2018-2020. The data obtained is from the website of the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) of Central Java Province. Data were taken from 29 districts and 6 cities in Central Java Province. The analysis tool uses panel data regression. The results of this study indicate that the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) is the selected panel data regression model. Based on the test results, it was found that the level of significance of Education, Population and Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) had an effect on the level of Poverty in Central Java in 2018-2020.</em></p> Fikri Zakaria Muhsin Eni Setyowati Copyright (c) 2022 Fikri Zakaria Muhsin, Eni Setyowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 73 79 10.21070/pssh.v3i.182 The Effect of Education, Economic Growth, Labor and City Minimum Wages on Poverty in the Ex-Residency of Surakarta in 2017-2021 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/181 <p>his study aims to analyze how much influence Education, Economic Growth, Labor, District/City Minimum Wages have on Poverty in Surakarta Residency in 2017-2021. Poverty as a related variable, while education, economic growth, labor and district/city minimum wages are independent variables. The analytical technique used is panel data regression analysis using the Eviews 10 program computer. This study uses secondary data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency for a period of 5 years starting from 2017-2021. This research is expected to be a material consideration for policy making for local governments in the formulation of a policy to reduce poverty.</p> SALWA NUR AZIZAH Eni Setyowati Copyright (c) 2022 SALWA NUR AZIZAH, Eni Setyowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 80 87 10.21070/pssh.v3i.181 The Effect of Economic Growth, Unemployment, Wages and Labor on Poverty in The Pati Ex-Resident in 2017-2021 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/179 <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of the influence of the variables of economic growth, unemployment rate, wages and labor on poverty in the Pati Ex-Resident which consists of 6 regencies in 2017-2021. Poverty as the dependent variable, and economic growth, unemployment, wages and labor as independent variables. The analytical technique used is panel data regression analysis using the Eviews 10 program computer. This study uses secondary data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) for a period of 5 years starting from 2017-2021 and the National Journal as a supporter. This research is expected to be a consideration for policy making for the central government, especially local governments in tackling poverty levels so that the economy progresses.</p> Reny Fitria Dewi Eni Setyowati Copyright (c) 2022 Reny Fitria Dewi, Eni Setyowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 88 95 10.21070/pssh.v3i.179 The Influence of Profitability, Company Size, Operational Complexity, and Leverage on Timeliness of Financial Report Submission (Empirical Study on Manufacturing Companies in Consumption Industry Sector Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2018-2020) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/178 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of profitability, firm size, operating complexity and leverage on the timeliness of financial statement submission. This study uses a purposive sampling method, in manufacturing companies in the consumption industry sector listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2018-2020. This study uses multiple linear regression with the analytical techniques used are classical assumption test, model feasibility test and hypothesis testing (t test). The results of this study indicate that the firm size variable has a positive effect on the timeliness of financial statement submission, while the profitability, operating complexity and leverage variables have a negative effect on the timeliness of financial statement submission.</em></p> Sinta Ayu Kusumadewi Muhammad Abdul Aris Copyright (c) 2022 Sinta Ayu Kusumadewi, Muhammad Abdul Aris https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 96 107 10.21070/pssh.v3i.178 Dynamics of Poverty and Its Alleviation Programs (Empirical Study of District Panel Data in Grobogan Regency) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/177 <p>This study aims to analyze the influence and effectiveness of government policies in poverty alleviation programs in Grobogan Regency. This study uses the panel data method using software eviews 8. The results can be concluded that partially the Village Fund and Non-Cash Food Assistance variables have a negative and significant effect on poverty, while the Smart Indonesia Program has a positive but not significant effect on poverty. The simultaneous influence of the Village Fund, Non-Cash Food Aid, Smart Indonesia Program variables can simultaneously explain the poverty variable by 87.18%. While the remaining 12.82% is explained by variations of other variables that are not included in the model. The results of this research that have been researched continue the previous research which is interesting to study. With this research, it is hoped that it can be used as a reference for similar research in the future and can be taken into consideration by the government in poverty alleviation programs in Grobogan Regency in the context of alleviating poverty in the region.</p> Arifah Kurnia Maulidyah Indira Hasmarinii Copyright (c) 2022 Arifah Kurnia, Maulidyah Indira Hasmarinii https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 108 115 10.21070/pssh.v3i.177 Effect Of Profitability, Liquidity, Share Ownership Structure, Leverage, and Capital Intensity on Tax Aggressiveness (Empirical Study of Mining Companies Listed on the IDX in 2016-2020) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/176 <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of profitability, liquidity, share ownership structure, leverage, and capital intensity on tax aggressiveness in mining companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2016-2020. The population used in this study are all mining companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2016-2020. The research sampling method used purposive sampling and obtained as many as 15 mining companies that met the criteria with a total of 75 data samples. Because there are 7 sample data that have outliers, the number of samples in this study is 68 data. The data analysis method used is multiple linear regression analysis with the help of SPSS 26 application. The results of this study indicate that partially profitability and capital intensity variables have a significant effect on tax aggressiveness, while liquidity, share ownership structure, and leverage variables have no significant effect on tax aggressiveness. Simultaneously the variables of profitability, liquidity, share ownership structure, leverage, and capital intesnity have a significant effect on tax aggressiveness.</p> Meutia Salma Annastasari Muhammad Abdul Aris Copyright (c) 2022 Meutia Salma Annastasari, Muhammad Abdul Aris https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 3 116 127 10.21070/pssh.v3i.176 The Effect of Number of Population, HDI And Unemployment Rate on Poverty Level in Banten 2017-2020 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/175 <p><em>This research is motivated by the case of poverty in Banten Province which is still relatively high on the island of West Java. The purpose of this study was to analyze and determine the effect of the level of population, the Human Development Index (HDI) and the unemployment rate on the poverty level in Banten Province. This observation uses secondary data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) Banten and Indonesia. The technique used is a quantitative approach with panel data regression techniques from 2017-2020 with a total of 8 regencies/cities of observation data and processed with a Fixed Effect Model (FEM) approach using Eviews 8. The final calculation results show that the Population variable and the Human Development Index has a negative effect on poverty, and Unemployment has a significant effect on Poverty in Banten Province in 2017-2020. This research is expected to be taken into consideration in decision making for the central and local governments in dealing with the problem of poverty in Banten Province.</em></p> Achmad Fauzan Zain Ardhi Nurcholis Eni Setyowati Copyright (c) 2022 Achmad Fauzan Zain Ardhi Nurcholis, Eni Setyowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 128 135 10.21070/pssh.v3i.175 The Influence of lifestyle, Class of Social, Income and Costumer Personality Character Subjective on Decision to Purchase Traditional Food from UMKM in Millenial Generation https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/174 <p>The globalization crisis experienced by society today due to the corona virus pandemic has an impact on the industrial and business sectors. This is influenced by people who are more introspective of their daily needs expenditures because they are worried about economic issues related to the recession. As a result, people's buying interest has become sluggish which has resulted in many industries, especially UMKM, which are one of the sources of Indonesia's GDP. This study focuses on knowing the purchasing decisions of traditional food products from UMKM. The method used in this research is descriptive by using survey techniques in taking the sample. The research location is in Surakarta City by determining the sample criteria purposively. The method of determining the sample using 150 samples. The sample criteria using the millennial generation are residents of the city of Surakarta aged 21-41 years. Meanwhile, the data collection method used an online questionnaire distributed through social media. The data analysis method uses SEM which is analyzed with AMOS 22 software. The results of the SEM analysis show that the goodness of fit is relatively good and can be considered to meet the model fit, namely with CMIN/Df = 1.301; TLI= 0.981; CFI= 0.989; NFI= 0.935; IFI= 0.989; RFI= 0.923 and RMSEA= 0.045; GFI = 0.938 while for AGFI it has not fulfilled. The estimation results of the model show that purchasing decisions are not influenced by lifestyle (β = 0.063; cr = 2.556), purchasing decisions are influenced by social class (β = 0.265; cr = 6.03) and consumer personality characteristics (β = 0.316; cr = 6.72) and income also affect purchasing decisions (β= 0.33; cr= 7.043). The relationship between the variables of the structural equation model of this study generally supports the results of previous studies, except for the relationship between purchasing decisions and lifestyle.</p> Safira Heru Irianto Sugiharti Mulya Handayani Copyright (c) 2022 Safira, Heru Irianto, Sugiharti Mulya Handayani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 136 141 10.21070/pssh.v3i.174 Pemberdayaan Perempuan Rawan Sosial Ekonomi Melalui Industri Ekonomi Kreatif “Sambar” di Desa Jimbar, Kecamatan Pracimantoro https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/173 <p>The empowerment program aims to create a more independent society, especially women who are socio-economically vulnerable. Various obstacles such as limited education, skills, and the burden of household responsibilities that are delegated to women make it difficult to work in the public sphere. Seeing the current conditions, it is important for women to be empowered in the economic sector. This research was conducted in Jimbar Village, Pracimantoro, Wonogiri, Central Java with qualitative methods and a case study approach. Wonogiri Regency, especially Jimbar Village has abundant chili farming results. However, there are times when a fertile chili brings arid. Post-harvest constraints that often coincide with declining selling prices make chili farmers lose money. For these losses, innovation was born as a solution to overcome losses by exploiting the potential of chilies to be processed products for eating lexat, the typical chili sauce of Jimbar Village. Collaborating with the Jimbar Village PKK group, where a total of 96 cadres are spread across seven hamlets. The results showed that there was support from village officials to empower women, so that the confidence and enthusiasm of PKK women in Jimbar Village arose to establish an economic business. Through the empowerment program in Jimbar Village, several activities were carried out such as training in economic business skills, especially making durable Jimbar chili sauce by applying cleanliness, publication training using social media ranging from Tiktok, Instagram, and online shops such as Shopee.</p> Anis Dwi Lestari Azka Zahrotun Nisa Aprilia Nurul Ma’rufah Eka Yuni Setyowati Enriawati Ika Dyah Saputri Fitria Nur Utami Widia Nur Khasanah Aprilia Susanti Elysa Wahyu Purbondari Galih Aprilia Wibowo Argyo Demartoto Copyright (c) 2022 Anis Dwi Lestari, Azka Zahrotun Nisa, Aprilia Nurul Ma’rufah, Eka Yuni Setyowati, Enriawati Ika Dyah Saputri, Fitria Nur Utami, Widia Nur Khasanah, Aprilia Susanti, Elysa Wahyu Purbondari, Galih Aprilia Wibowo, Argyo Demartoto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 142 147 10.21070/pssh.v3i.173 Analysis of the Effectiveness of Government Policy in Poverty Reduction Program in Madiun District https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/172 <p>This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of government policies in poverty alleviation programs in Madiun Regency. this research uses panel data method using eviews8 software. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that partially the Smart Indonesia Program and Non-Cash Food Assistance variables have a negative but significant effect on poverty, while the Village Fund has a positive and significant effect on poverty and the Family Hope Program has a negative effect on poverty. While the simultaneous influence of the Village Fund variable, Family Hope Program, Non-Cash Food Aid, Smart Indonesia Program is significant at 63.74% and the remaining 36.26% is influenced by other factors that are not included in the model. This research is expected to be a consideration for the government in poverty alleviation programs in Madiun Regency in order to reduce poverty in the area.</p> ALVIONITA RIZKY WARDANI Muhammad Arif Copyright (c) 2022 ALVIONITA RIZKY WARDANI, Muhammad Arif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 148 155 10.21070/pssh.v3i.172 Agricultural Insurance Models in Banyumas, Indonesia: Potentials, Problems, and Challenges https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/171 <p><em>Farming businesses are constantly faced with the risk of uncertainty due to climate change. The risk of uncertainty affected the destruction of farming infrastructure and a high level of crop failure. Furthermore, the research objective was to 1) identify the potential of the agricultural sector in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency, 2) analyze the factors that influence farmers' interest in participating in the insurance program in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency, 3) identify the inhibiting and driving factors in farmers participating in the agricultural insurance program in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency, 4) identify the stakeholders involved in the development of agricultural insurance in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency, and 5) formulate agricultural insurance development models in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency. This research applied a mixed-method approach of qualitative and quantitative approaches. Additionally, the research methods were the Miles and Huberman approach and binary logistic regression analysis. The research population consisted of farmers in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency.&nbsp; The research results indicated that Panusupan Village could join the agricultural insurance program seen from the extensive agricultural land and could be pretty good. It can be seen from the amount of land used; farmer groups classified as active; people whose jobs were primarily farmers; and many agencies that provided agricultural insurance socialization. The binary logistic regression results showed that age, education, income, number of family dependents, land area, farming experience, the intensity of crop failure, socialization participation had significant effects on farmers' interest in participating in agricultural insurance programs in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency. Technology had no significant effect on farmers' interest in participating in the agricultural insurance program in Panusupan Village, Cilongok District Banyumas Regency. Barriers and drivers in the development of agricultural insurance included internal and external factors.</em></p> Faefaya Ziadatul Anisa Sodik Dwi Purnomo Diah Retnowati Bagus Adhitya Zumaeroh Copyright (c) 2022 Faefaya Ziadatul Anisa, Sodik Dwi Purnomo, Diah Retnowati, Bagus Adhitya, Zumaeroh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 156 166 10.21070/pssh.v3i.171 Dynamics of Regional Economic Development of Regencies/Cities in Central Java Province 2018-2020 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/170 <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of Poverty Level, Education Level, Per capita Income Level and Open Unemployment Rate on Regional Economic Development to determine the Dynamics of Regional Economic Development in 35 Regencies/Cities in Central Java Province in 2018-2020. this research uses panel data method using eviews8 software. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that partially the variables of the Poverty Level, Education Level, and Open Unemployment Rate have a negative and significant effect on Regional Economic Development, while the Per Capita Income Level variable has no effect on the Regional Economic Development variable. The simultaneous influence of the variables of Poverty Level, Education Level, Per Capita Income Level and Open Unemployment Rate is significant at 83.63% and the remaining 16.37% is influenced by other factors that are not included in the model. This research is expected for the government to pay attention to the things that affect regional economic development in every Regency/City in Central Java Province so that they can be taken into consideration in making economic development plans. areas in every Regency/City in Central Java Province so that.</p> Dyah Ayu Maharani Maulidyah Indira Hasmarini Copyright (c) 2022 Dyah Ayu Maharani, Maulidyah Indira Hasmarini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 167 175 10.21070/pssh.v3i.170 Analysis of Superior Food Crop Comodities in Grobogan District Period 2011-2015 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/169 <p><em>The food crops sub-sector is the most potential and strategic sub-sector. The food crops sub-sector produces products that are staple food for most Indonesians. This study aims to determine what superior food crop commodities are owned in Grobogan Regency. The data used are food crop commodity production data in Grobogan Regency and Central Java Province in 2011-2015. The method used in this research is descriptive and quantitative analysis method using Locatioan Quotient (LQ) and Shift-Share Analysis (SSA) analysis tools. The results showed that corn, soybeans, and mung beans are the leading food crop commodities in Grobogan Regency, but rice, corn, soybeans, and cassava have faster growth than other commodities, this is indicated by the value of the proportional component that is positive, then the commodity Those that have competitiveness are rice, corn, soybeans and green beans which are indicated by the positive value of regional share growth.</em></p> Mohammad Ihsanul Azmi Maulidyah Indira Hasmarini Copyright (c) 2022 Mohammad Ihsanul Azmi, Maulidyah Indira Hasmarini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 176 183 10.21070/pssh.v3i.169 The Effect of Good Governance, Accountability, and Transparency of Village Funds on Public Trust https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/158 <p>Not all village governments can carry out their performance well in managing village funds, so that it can trigger public distrust of the village government in managing village funds. This study aims to examine the effect of good governance, accountability and transparency of village funds on public trust. The research method used in this study is a quantitative method. The data used in this study is primary data with a questionnares and distributed to the community in Grudo village, Ngawi sub-district, Ngawi district. By using multiple linear regression analysis, this study shows that the village fund accountability variable has a significant effect on public trust, but the good governance variable and the village fund transparency variable has no significant effect on public trust. Based on the research findings, village funds accountability is an important factor to increase public trust in village government.</p> Dhafin Taufiqi Kurnia Rina Ariani Copyright (c) 2022 Dhafin Taufiqi, Kurnia Rina Ariani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 184 191 10.21070/pssh.v3i.158 The Effect of Thickers on the Quality of “Indofishme” Instant Noodles as Nutrition Rich Instant Noodles Based on Fish (Scomberomorus Commerson and Seaweed (E.Cottonii) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/157 <p>Instant noodles are the most popular substitute for rice in the world, the consumption rate of instant noodles has increased from year to year, in addition, many new innovations have been made by instant noodle manufacturers to increase the selling value of the product. Instant noodle innovations that are widely produced include instant noodles without preservatives, artificial flavorings, and innovations in terms of variants and presentation methods. Indofishme is an instant noodle that has a PIRT permit and is produced with the fortification of fish, seaweed, shrimp waste and seaweed as an effort to reduce gluten content in the use of wheat flour. In this study, the author wants to improve the quality of instant noodles by using CMC. CMC treatments were K0(0%), K1(0.5%), K2 (1%), and K3 (1.5%) with 3 formulations (F1, F2, and F3). The research method is an experimental design using a completely randomized design (CRD) with parameters tested for water absorption, proximate levels, and calorific value. The results of testing water content (8.28-9.94%), fat content (1.57-2.58%), protein content (7.46-14.76%), ash content (1.52-1, 88%), carbohydrate content (75.88-83.75%), water absorption (237.77-364.22%) and calorific value (147.78-278.46 ccal). The results showed that the use of CMC (Carboxyl methylcellulose) can improve the quality of instant noodles (Indofishme). In addition, Indofishme as a new innovative instant noodle based on processed seafood can be used as an alternative to healthy instant noodles because it is richer in nutrients compared to commercial instant noodles.</p> Miftahul Huda Nelas Sumartini R Nabila N Hutapea E Fitriana N Saputra Copyright (c) 2022 Miftahul Huda Nelas, Sumartini, R Nabila, N Hutapea, E Fitriana, N Saputra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 192 200 10.21070/pssh.v3i.157 An Android-Based User Recommendation System for Social Network Platform Using Collaborative Filtering Method on Youth Break the Boundaries Foundation https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/156 <p>The popularity of social networking services has been increasing in recent years. Hundreds of millions of active users can pose a risk of information overload. These popular services have recommender systems that can capture user interests and provide users with potentially interesting information. It is different from the relatively new Youth Break the Boundaries (YBB) social networking application, it does not yet have complete features, let alone a complex recommender system which causes user interest in using the application is low. Implementing this system on the YBB application will affect the flow of the existing system so that a comprehensive update is needed. The development uses the cosine similarity algorithm on the application search page. It is proven to be able to provide recommendations for users with an accuracy rate of 0.92. With this system, users are helped in expanding their network with other users who have the same interests.</p> Suhendra Yekti Asmoro Kanthi Arif Tirtana Copyright (c) 2022 Suhendra, Yekti Asmoro Kanthi, Arif Tirtana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 201 212 10.21070/pssh.v3i.156 The Characteristics of Nutrient-Rich Instant Noodles Based on Mackerel (Scomberomorus commerson) and Mangrove Fruit Flour (Sonneratia Caseolaris) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/155 <p>Instant noodles are a popular food and are often consumed by the community as a fulfillment of food needs in high activity, especially in the people of the capital city. The level of consumption of instant noodles always increases every year. Mangrove fruit with good nutritional content can potentially be used as mangrove fruit flour to be used as fortification of raw materials for making instant noodles. The advantage of mangrove fruit flour as an ingredient for instant noodles is that it is richer in nutrients. Whole wheat flour has a risk of gluten content in wheat flour, the impact can be detrimental to health. So it is necessary to have other alternatives that can reduce the use of wheat flour with risk. One of them is making noodles with various flour mixtures or with a mixture of fish meat to increase the protein value and essential fatty acids in it. One example of fish that is good for health is mackerel. The research method used was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 3 factors (F1, F2, F3, and control). Data analysis using SPSS 22 software with analysis of variance (ANOVA) 95% confidence level. Further tests were carried out using Duncan's test to determine the significant difference between each variable. The study showed that instant noodles could be produced from the formulation of wheat flour, mangrove fruit flour, and fish meal. There was an increase in the total ash total; crude fiber and crude protein content of instant noodles and there is an increase in the carbohydrate and fiber content of instant noodles, the use of mangrove fruit flour and mackerel fish meal has the potential to be a source of protein and fiber in the production of healthy instant noodles and is lower in gluten. The best results was obtained instant noodle formulation F2 (200 grams of wheat flour + 50 grams of mackerel fish meal + 50 grams of mangrove fruit flour). However, noodles produced from 100% wheat flour (control) were the most preferred instant noodles with a value of 4.75.</p> Nurul Syahida Harepa Sumartini PW Ratrinia Muh Suryono Shiffa FS Copyright (c) 2022 Nurul Syahida Harepa, Sumartini, PW Ratrinia, Muh Suryono, Shiffa FS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 213 222 10.21070/pssh.v3i.155 Need Analysis of LKPD Development based on Metacognitive Approach in Science Learning in Elementary School https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/154 <p>One of the success factors in learning science is meeting the learning needs of students. Science learning emphasizes the process of building a more complex understanding of science concepts in students. To optimize science learning, the learning process should be accompanied by learning resources such as teaching aids or student worksheets (LKPD) that can encourage students to expand their understanding. This study aims to analyze the needs of elementary school students about the development of LKPD based on a metacognitive approach. This type of research is descriptive qualitative. Data was collected through interviews, tests, questionnaires and document analysis.&nbsp; The subjects of this study were 42 fifth grade students and 2 classroom teachers. The results of this study indicate that elementary school students need learning resources in the form of student worksheets based on a metacognitive approach. This can be seen from the results of data analysis that as many as 52.37% get an average score to below the average which indicates students still have a low understanding of science concepts, there are no student worksheets that facilitate increasing the ability to understand science concepts, and student worksheets used are still conventional.</p> Nur Rarastika Siti Arfah Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Rarastika, Siti Arfah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 223 231 10.21070/pssh.v3i.154 The Effect of Local Government Revenue (LGR), Transfer Income, Capital Expenditures On Economic Growth Before and During Covid-19 Pandemic https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/153 <p>Economic growth is an important goal for local and central governments. Economic growth encourages local governments to carry out economic development by managing existing resources and forming a partnership pattern with local communities in order to create new jobs that will affect the development of economic activities in the area. This study aims to analyze the effect of Local Government Revenue (LGR), Transfer Income, Capital Expenditure on Economic Growth in districts and cities in Central Java Province before and during Covid-19 pandemic. The data used in this study is secondary data from a total of 35 districts and cities (29 districts and 6 towns) in Central Java province obtained from BPS and DJPK Central Java. By using multiple regression analytic, and differential test this study shows that LGR, transfer income, and capital expenditures have an effect on economic growth and there is no significant difference in economic growth before and during the covid-19 pandemic in districts and cities in the province of Central Java.</p> Panji Muhammad Ghiffari Kurnia Rina Ariani Copyright (c) 2022 Panji Muhammad Ghiffari, Kurnia Rina Ariani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 232 241 10.21070/pssh.v3i.153 Factor Analysis of Physical Conditions Determinants of Ability Smash Salto Sepak Takraw https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/152 <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the factors of physical condition that determine the ability of the sepaktakraw somersault smash. This research method uses a quantitative approach with a confirmatory factor analysis design. The data to be collected will be processed and analyzed using the Computerized Statistics Program with the SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solutions) version 23 system and using the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin and Barlett's Test. The population in this study were all male sepak takraw athletes from Central Java in the smash position, totaling 73 athletes. The sampling technique used was purposive random sampling as many as 15 athletes. Based on the results of the research and data analysis that has been carried out, it can be concluded that the dominant physical condition factors that determine the ability of the sepak takraw somersault are speed, agility and leg muscle power.</p> Henry Hermawan Sapta Kunta Purnama Haris Nugroho Copyright (c) 2022 Henry Hermawan, Sapta Kunta Purnama, Haris Nugroho https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 242 249 10.21070/pssh.v3i.152 Experimental Study of Demonstration Exercise Models on the Performance of Tennis Field Service Biomechanics https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/168 <p>This study aims to determine the effect of the interaction between training models on the performance of tennis service biomechanics. This study used an experimental method with a 2 x 2 factorial design. The population in this study were all 12 players of the male KKO SMPN 1 Surakarta. The sampling technique used is saturated sampling, the size of the sample taken is 12 players. The data analysis technique in this study used ANOVA. Based on the results of the study, it turns out that players who have high eye-hand coordination with the live demonstration exercise model have a tennis service biomechanics performance of 189,356 better than players with high eye-hand coordination and receive treatment with a video demonstration exercise model of 28,815. Players who have low eye-hand coordination with the video demonstration exercise model have a tennis service biomechanics performance of 76,701 better than players with low eye-hand coordination and receive treatment with a live demonstration exercise model of 48,290. So it can be concluded that there is an interaction between the exercise model and eye-hand coordination on the biomechanics performance of tennis service. Players who have high eye-hand coordination are more suitable if given a live demonstration exercise model. Players who have low eye-hand coordination are more suitable if given a video demonstration exercise model.</p> Bilqis Maqbulatullah M. Furqon Hidayatullah Sapta Kunta Purnama Copyright (c) 2022 Bilqis Maqbulatullah, M. Furqon Hidayatullah, Sapta Kunta Purnama https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 250 255 10.21070/pssh.v3i.168 Analysis of the Survey on Coaching of Athletes with Disabilities in Volleyball at NPC Indonesia https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/167 <p>The purpose of this study was to find out 1) The existence of coaching athletes with disabilities in the Indonesian national volleyball division, 2) Human resources in coaching athletes with disabilities in the Indonesian national team for athletes with disabilities, 3) Availability of training facilities and infrastructure for athletes with disabilities in soccer. sitting volleyball. This research was conducted at the Indonesian NPC in Surakarta. The method used is qualitative with an interpretive basic study approach. Data collection techniques used are document and archive studies, in-depth interviews, observation. The validity of the data in this study used data triangulation techniques. Data analysis techniques are data reduction, data presentation, conclusion drawing and verification. The results showed that the development of athletes with disabilities in the volleyball sport of the Indonesian National Team in Surakarta could be said to be good. Judging from the availability of human resources consisting of sports coordinators, coaches and athletes who are fostered through 2 recruitment programs by looking at the quality and quantity of prospective athletes and coaches, as well as by showing their certificates. The availability of infrastructure in the form of an Indonesian sitting volleyball hermitage and a fitness laboratory located in the fitness center of the Alana hotel on the 2nd floor. The conclusion is that the implementation of training for athletes with disabilities in Indonesian volleyball in Surakarta is maximal. Judging from the existence, human resources, availability of infrastructure. Although there are still some things that need to be improved again to achieve the vision and mission of coaching athletes with disabilities in volleyball at the Indonesian National Championship.</p> Taufik Ismail Sugiyanto Sapta Kunta Purnama Copyright (c) 2022 Taufik Ismail, Sugiyanto, Sapta Kunta Purnama https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 256 262 10.21070/pssh.v3i.167 Analysis of the Impact Pandemic on KURDA Financing to UMKM Development in Sidoarjo Regency https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/165 <p><em>This research aimed to analyze the role of KURDA Financing ( Regional People's Business Credit ), institutional characteristics of the business and the characteristics of entrepreneurs to the development of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises in the Sidoarjo Regency. The study design used descriptive approach qualitative and quantitative descriptive. Data were analyzed using analysis Crosstabulation and Chi-Square, a descriptive analysis technique.Crosstabulation based analysis and Chi-Square test, there is a significant relationship between the amount of financing, education, length of business, business development training, and the legality of the increase in revenue SMEs. While there was no significant relationship between the type of business and the ownership of the financial statements with a revenue increase of SMEs. SME revenue improvement opportunities are greatest in terms of the amount of financing. Of the 85% who obtain financing on Rp.5.000.000, 61% of SMEs could increase his income. The second biggest opportunities is occupied by SMEs that have financial statements, as many as 58% of the 82 respondents who had had financial reports may increase their income</em></p> Nur Hidayah Aisyah Darti Megasari Siswanto Siswohadi Mukhtar Adinugroho Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Hidayah, Aisyah Darti Megasari, Siswanto, Siswohadi, Mukhtar Adinugroho https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 263 273 10.21070/pssh.v3i.165 Analysis of the Influence of Papaya Seed Coffe Quality on Purchase Interrest in Purchase https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/163 <p>The large amount of wasted papaya seed waste attracted the interest of researchers to investigate further so that what was previously in the form of waste disposed of by the community could be utilized as well as possible and could be of more economic value. This study uses the type of research Explanatory Research. The survey method was used in this study. Data analysis in this study used the SPSS approach. The sample used was 75 students in the city of Malang. The results showed that papaya seeds are not only a waste but also have benefits as coffee that can be used as an alternative to caffeinated coffee. Papaya fruit seeds that are used as coffee have economic value because they can be sold, data analysis shows that the quality of papaya fruit coffee has a positive effect on intens to buy.</p> Risca Kurnia Sari Yani Quarta Mondiana Satria Putra Utama Copyright (c) 2022 Risca Kurnia Sari, Yani Quarta Mondiana, Satria Putra Utama https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 274 278 10.21070/pssh.v3i.163 Fulfillment of the Food Needs of the Community Around the Forest Area with the Agroforestry System at RPH Mundu https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/162 <p>The success of forestry development through agroforestry activities is largely determined by the level of community participation in contributing to forest management efforts and the quality of human resources that support it. In order to realize the success of RPH Mundu, the community forest management program (PHBM) is carried out. The principle of PHBM is to open opportunities and opportunities for all parties to manage forests with a sharing system while maintaining forest sustainability. The paradigm shift in forest management demands a change in attitudes, work procedures and institutional structures related to the implementation of the CBFM system.</p> <p>The method used in this research is a survey method and direct observation in the field. Sampling of the success of agroforestry development at RPH Mundu was based on the type of vegetation, the amount of vegetation, the height and diameter of the main production plant/polowijo/hectare, production costs, B/C ratio. Determination of respondents for communities around the forest intentionally or purposive sampling, namely 67 respondents who are members of the forest farmer group (KTH). Sampling was selected based on age, duration, number of families and based on the area arable.</p> <p>Based on the results of the analysis, the fulfillment of the food needs of the community around the forest area with the agroforestry system at the Mundu RPH is quite good and feasible to continue its use. Fulfillment of community food needs includes three aspects, namely: adequacy aspect, health aspect and nutritional content aspect.</p> Sri Sulastri Anisa Zairina Diena Widyastuti Angganata Rona Syah Putra Copyright (c) 2022 Sri Sulastri, Anisa Zairina, Diena Widyastuti, Angganata Rona Syah Putra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 279 288 10.21070/pssh.v3i.162 Indigenous Forest Conservation Model Based Local Wisdom of Great Wamesa Clan in Teluk Wondama West Papua https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/161 <p>This study aims to analyze and describe the Indigenous Law Society (ILS) of Great Wamesa Clan in West Papua for conserved the Indigenous Forest based on the norm coventions of Siweruri Kuweta. This research is motivated by the existence of massive deforestation and forest degradation which has a serious impact on infrastructure and forest ecosystems in Indonesia. Thus placing Indonesia in unsustainable forest management, and is considered a crime against with nature. Currently, West Papua still has a sustainable forest of 81%, has a wealth of various wildlife species and various types of ecosystems <em>(mega-Biodiversity).</em> Therefore, the&nbsp; Papua Barat Government was trying to suppress the rate of deforestation with a forest development pattern based on local wisdom. This study uses qualitative methods, the data in the study are in the form of; primary and secondary data obtained from exploration results in the field through in-depth interviews, observations, and documentations which are then analyzed and concluded, resulting in empirical findings that can be used as theoretical studies, and Applicable recommendations in the context of sustainable forestry development. The results shows that ILS has consistently and continuously&nbsp; conserved for the Indigenous forest wisely based on the norms and traditions of Siweruri Kuweta. So that the resources and ecosystem of the Indigenous forest are maintained in balance. This condition is supported by government policies in the form of laws and regulations that are ideal in supporting the existence of ILS. As well as the implementation of a CSR <em>(corporate social responsibility)</em> program in an effort to improve the quality of human resources and the welfare of ILS. The researcher concludes that through the support of government policies, as well as the implementation of CSR programs can support the existence of ILS as a social buffer in the effort of sustainable forest conservation.</p> ahmad sofwani Hendrik Kurube Choirul Saleh Copyright (c) 2022 ahmad sofwani, Hendrik Kurube, Choirul Saleh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 289 300 10.21070/pssh.v3i.161 Effect of Chicken Cage Fertilizer and Rice Husk Charcoal as a Planting Media on Growth and Production of Bean Plant https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/160 <p>People's need for vegetables is increasing day by day. One type of vegetable that is in great demand by the public is chickpeas. The productivity of chickpeas in 2014 decreased, the decline was caused by various things, one of which was the decline in soil quality due to excessive use of inorganic fertilizers. One way to increase the productivity of chickpeas is to replace inorganic fertilizers with organic fertilizers. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of chicken manure and rice husk charcoal as a planting medium on the growth and yield of chickpeas. Based on the results of research and data analysis, it was found that the combination of treatment of chicken manure (P2), combination of soil + chicken manure (P4), soil + husk charcoal + chicken manure (P6) and soil + husk charcoal (P5) had a significant effect. significant effect on the growth of bean plants. The use of chicken manure and rice husk charcoal has also been shown to be able to increase the production of chickpeas by 200-500 %.</p> Didik Suprayitno Risca Kurnia Sari Diena Widyastuti Copyright (c) 2022 Didik Suprayitno, Risca Kurnia Sari, Diena Widyastuti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 301 303 10.21070/pssh.v3i.160 Autocad Application Training for SMK Karya Bakti Gresik in Supporting Independent Learning Program for the Independent Campus (MBKM) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/159 <p>CAD (Computer Aided Design) is a computer program for drawing a product. The use of CAD can be in the form of 2-dimensional or 3-dimensional drawings. The advantage of using this CAD computer program is to make it easier and faster to create and change a product/component drawing. Besides that, this program is also useful to make it easier to complete image data such as material type, dimensions, number of products and so on. Mastery of the AutoCAD application is very necessary for students and teachers of Vocational High Schools (SMK), especially in the mechanical engineering department of SMK Karya Bhakti Gresik. This is because they have limited facilities and infrastructure in learning AutoCAD. The ability to use AutoCad for vocational students is a provision to enter the world of work after graduating from school, one of which is to work in the industrial world. Where in the era of Industry 4.0, many companies demand AutoCad capabilities as a condition for joining vocational graduates. Based on this, the competence of AutoCad for SMK Karya Bakti Gresik students needs to be improved. One of the learning processes to improve this competency is to provide AutoCAD application training for SMK Karya Bhakti Gresik students. The training method used is a workshop, where students are given material about AutoCad, then practice AutoCAD directly at the Multimedia Laboratory of the University of Gresik. The participants of this training focused on students in grades X &nbsp;and XI &nbsp;of the Mechanical Engineering Department of SMK Karya Bakti with a training duration of 2 days.</p> Meryanalinda Putri Sundari Dedy Rachman Ardian Copyright (c) 2022 Meryanalinda, Putri Sundari, Dedy Rachman Ardian https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 304 310 10.21070/pssh.v3i.159 Relationship Compliance withthe Use of PPE with Confirmed Covid 19 to Nurses in Covid 19 Isolation Ward at Islamic Hospital Darus Syifa’ Surabaya https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/197 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Personal &nbsp;protective &nbsp;equipment (APD) is a piece of equipment that must be used when working in accordance with work hazards and risks to maintain personal safety in dealing with &nbsp;Covid 19 patients. The factor causing non- compliance in using level 3 complete &nbsp;APD is lack of &nbsp;vigilance in protecting your self &nbsp;because when using level 3 APD you feel uncomfortable, irritable,and not free to take action.This study aims to determine the relationship between compliance with the use of APD with confirmed cases of Covid 19 for nurses.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;This &nbsp;research &nbsp;used &nbsp;cross sectional method. The sample technique used was total &nbsp;sampling . The population in this study was 23 respondents. The independent variable was compliance’s nurses used of Personal &nbsp;protective &nbsp;equipment (APD) and the dependent variable used was the nurse was confirmed COVID 19 in the COVID 19 isolation ward. The data collection used was questionnaires, observations, and the results of the Covid 19 &nbsp;antigen swab. This study used the chi- square test with a significance level of p&lt;0,05.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The results of this study indicate that there was a relationship between compliance with the use &nbsp;of APD whit confirmed &nbsp;cases of COVID 19 in nurses in the COVID 19 isolation &nbsp;ward, the results obtained are R = 0.154 (p = 0.00) then it means that H1 there was a relationship between compliance with the use of Personal &nbsp;protective &nbsp;equipment (APD) with confirmed &nbsp;cases of COVID 19 in nurses in COVID 19 isolation ward.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The higher the level &nbsp;of compliance with the use of APD by nurses in the COVID 19 isolation ward, the lower the number of confirmed cases of COVID 19 with evidence of negative antigen swab results. It is hoped that nurses in the COVID 19 isolation ward will always be vigilant and comply with the use of level 3 APD and always seek information related to the service of the risk of infection contracting COVID 19 through mass media,seminars, and training.</p> LINA MADYASTUTI R riski dwi prameswari Ahmad Hasan Basri Nur laili Khoiroh Umah Istiroha laili Suwanto laili Lilis Fatmawati Yuanita Syaiful Roihatul Zahroh Retno Twistiandayani Mono PG Copyright (c) 2022 LINA MADYASTUTI R, riski dwi prameswari, Ahmad Hasan Basri, Nur laili, Khoiroh Umah, Istiroha laili, Suwanto laili, Lilis Fatmawati, Yuanita Syaiful, Roihatul Zahroh, Retno Twistiandayani, Mono PG https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 3 311 317 10.21070/pssh.v3i.197 The Effect of Principal Communication Skills And Teacher Professionalism On Teacher Work Productivity At Tlogobodosari II Elementary School And Andonosari I State Elementary School Pasuruan Regency https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/188 <p><em>As a school leader, the principal must be able to lead, direct and supervise teachers, and carry out school activities that require good communication skills. Good and effective communication will be able to build cooperation between school principals and teachers; school principals can provide guidance to teachers; can direct and develop teacher performance so that teachers can improve their abilities and skills in teaching so that teachers are expected to increase their work productivity. Another factor that can affect teacher work productivity comes from within, namely teacher professionalism. With the existence of professional teachers, it is expected that teacher work productivity will also increase.</em></p> <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of the principal's communication skills on the work productivity of teachers at SD Negeri Tlogobodosari II and SD Negeri Andonosari I; and knowing the influence of teacher professionalism on work productivity at SD Negeri Tlogobodosari II and SD Negeri Andonosari I. This type of research is a quantitative research where a questionnaire is given to all teachers who work at SD Negeri Tlogobodosari II and SD Negeri Andonosari I.</em></p> <p><em>The results showed that there was an influence of the principal's communication skills on the work productivity of teachers at SD Negeri Tlogobodosari II and SD Negeri Andonosari I which was carried out by means of criticism and suggestions; holding training/seminars; and motivation as indicated by the communication results of 91.00% and 89.75%, respectively, and the teacher's work productivity of 92.25% and 91.50%, respectively. In addition, there is also an influence of teacher professionalism on teacher work productivity at SD Negeri Tlogobodosari II and SD Negeri Andonosari I because if a teacher is a professional teacher then the teacher will have the ability, education, and skills in teaching so that it will increase teacher work productivity marked with the results of the distribution of teacher professionalism questionnaires of 89.75% and 89.00%, respective.</em></p> Hermanoadi Ahmad Thohirin A Faizin Suyitno Anna Mussanatul Azizah Copyright (c) 2022 Hermanoadi, Ahmad Thohirin, A Faizin, Suyitno, Anna Mussanatul Azizah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 318 325 10.21070/pssh.v3i.188 Development of Educational Game to Practice Number Sense Based on Android https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/187 <p>Children have difficulties in learning mathematics because they are still memorizing,they haven’t used their number sense abilities. Number sense is an ability that developed properly and correctly can support logical intelligence in the field of mathematics, especially in numbers. From previous research on number sense, the media for practicing number sense skills still uses paper and writing utensils. In this study, we will develop media to train number sense through android media that can be accessed anywhere, so that it can make it easier for users. The development of this media is in the form of games developed with unity with waterfall stages. The results of the test, the application did not experience errors due to bugs and the test results on several children got good scores.</p> Siti Aminah Daniel Eko Prasetyo Tanuwijaya Addin Aditya Copyright (c) 2022 Siti Aminah, Daniel Eko Prasetyo Tanuwijaya, Addin Aditya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 331 338 10.21070/pssh.v3i.187 Analysis Of The Application Of The UTAUT Model In Understanding The Acceptance And Use Of OVO Applications In Malang City https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/186 <p>This study aims to analyze the acceptance and use of OVO applications in Malang City. This study uses the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) Model to explain the acceptance of OVO applications. The constructs used are 4 independent varabels (performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating conditions) and 1 dependent variabel (behavioral intention). The type of data used is primary data that has been obtained through questionnaires. Sampling using a non-probability technique with aapproach purposive sampling with the criteria used more than 3 times. The number of samples is 100 samples. From the respondent's data obtained were analyzed using multiple regression analysis techniques. Data management is assisted by using the SmartPLS v.3.3.2 software. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that: (1) performance expectancy have a positive effect on behavioral intention; (2) effort expectancy have a positive effect on behavioral intention; (3) social influence has aeffect positive on behavioral intention; (4) facilitating conditions have no effect on behavioral intention.</p> Yekti Asmoro Kanthi Arif Tirtana Muhadi Aan Sulistiyo Copyright (c) 2022 Yekti Asmoro Kanthi, Arif Tirtana, Muhadi Aan Sulistiyo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 334 342 10.21070/pssh.v3i.186 Promotional Media Design in Social Media Using Photography to Pour And Peace https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/184 <p>The design of social media promotions is focused on one beverage brand, namely "Pour And Peace". "Pour And Peace" is a beverage brand originating from Pekanbaru City and has a good appeal among teenagers to the elderly. With the uniqueness of the drink that uses coffee beans typical of the Sumatran region and the visuals on the product, it is possible to promote the "Pour And Peace" product to strengthen the image and awareness of the target audience for local products. The “Pour And Peace” product has its own uniqueness with its visual appearance that looks like a drink containing alcohol in its packaging. But actually this drink is coffee beer or so-called coffee soda. "Pour And Peace" itself makes the design more unique because the main target market is young people or teenagers. The use of photography is very possible to be used as a way to promote "Pour And Peace" products, by taking pictures made more expressive, with product photo techniques, still life, angel placement, composition and so on. This design is made using a marketing design method that identifies product data and marketing data which are finally analyzed. After the identification process, the author determines the synthesis and design concept which consists of media planning and creative planning so as to produce a design concept concept. The final design results are determined in the form of promotional media in the form of photos and videos published on social media. The results of this design are expected to introduce coffee beer products</p> Rina Nurfitri Anggi Rahmansyah Copyright (c) 2022 Rina Nurfitri, Anggi Rahmansyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 348 353 10.21070/pssh.v3i.184 Business Process Analysis and Implementation of Odoo Open Source ERP System in Inventory, Purchasing and Sales Activities https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/180 <p>The development of information technology is the main thing for trading companies in developing their business. Resources within the company must be managed and utilized optimally, one of which is inventory, buying and selling of goods. ERP (enterprise resource planning) system is an integrated information system concept that can be utilized by companies and SMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises) to improve company performance. Captain Gadget is one of the medium-sized businesses engaged in retail sales of mobile phones, mobile accessories and spare parts for mobile phones, which is located in Malang City. Captain Gadget has three employees who run its core business. In the procurement of goods, it is carried out by the procurement admin, in the management of stock goods it is carried out by the warehouse admin and in sales it is carried out by the sales department. The company in processing its data using Microsoft Excel application, while the recording and bookkeeping of cash is done manually. This causes less effective and efficient performance. For this reason, it is necessary to configure and implement an ERP (enterprise resource planning) system to support business process activities on the Captain gadget. One of them is using Odoo ERP software based on Open Source which can be adapted to the system needs in business processes at Captain Gadget.</p> Addin Aditya Hamzah Fatoni Efendi Copyright (c) 2022 Addin Aditya, Hamzah Fatoni Efendi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 349 357 10.21070/pssh.v3i.180 Business Process Analysis and Implementation of Odoo ERP in Sales, Purchasing and Accounting Systems (Case Study: CV Mitra Perkasa) https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/151 <p>The development of information technology is a major element in business world. Phenomena of using information technology in company is an important element to increase&nbsp; effectiveness and efficiency of business processes. The purpose of this research is to identify business processes related to Sales and Finance &amp; Accounting and company needs using BPMN, and to implement Odoo ERP software which is required by CV. Mitra Perkasa. The model used to analyze current business processes is Value Chain Analysis. This model consists of collection of activities or business processes that occur to create value and competitive advantage for this company.&nbsp; Management system used to integrate business processes in this company is Odoo, which is an open source ERP software that suitable for conditions of a new company, and certainly can reduce costs for the application development process. Method used for testing the application in this research is Conference Room Pilot. The purpose of CRP process is to validate ERP software that has been configured against current business processes. Conclusion of this research show that after a series of demos with business process scenarios, the Odoo ERP system has been adapted to business conditions and can be accepted by CV. Mitra Perkasa.</p> Addin Aditya Yohanes Eko Hadi Santuso Copyright (c) 2022 Addin Aditya, Yohanes Eko Hadi Santuso https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 358 365 10.21070/pssh.v3i.151 Development of Web-Based Lecturer Achievement Index Information System to Improve Assessment Accuracy https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/150 <p>The lecturer achievement index is a benchmark for assessing the quality of teaching staff or lecturers. The process of improving the quality of lecturers should be planned and realized in line with needs, so that in the end it can achieve the vision and mission that has been set. The calculation of the lecturer's achievement index is done by collecting tridharma data (teaching, research and community service). At the STIKI Malang, the tridharma data collection process was obtained from various work units via email. In addition, the existing process has been carried out manually by the secretary of the study program. This results in the recording process taking a long time and the potential for recap errors is greater. So we need a lecturer achievement index system that can help related work units in processing lecturer achievement index data. With the creation of this system, it is hoped that it can accelerate and facilitate STIKI Malang to process lecturer achievement index data and increase accuracy in calculating the lecturer achievement index value.</p> Michael Surya Gemilang Anita Adnan Zulkarnain Copyright (c) 2022 Adnan Zulkarnain, Michael Surya Gemilang, Anita https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 366 379 10.21070/pssh.v3i.150 Determinants of Customer loyalty: service quality and satisfaction https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/149 <p><em>This study aims to explain the role of satisfaction in influencing service quality to customer loyalty at PT. BPRS Harta Insan Karimah. The method used in this study is a quantitative method that is associative. The source of this research is using primary data. The sample collection technique used is purposive sampling technique, with the number of samples tested by 96 respondents from customers. The data collection technique is using a questionnaire distributed via Google Form to the customers who are domiciled in Tangerang.</em> <em>The data analysis method in this study uses the Structural Equation Model (SEM), using the WarpPLS 7.0 approach. The results of this study indicate that service quality has a significant effect on customer loyalty and service quality with customer satisfaction as a mediation has a significant effect on customer loyalty. This means that the customer satisfaction variable is a partial mediation, which can affect directly or indirectly between the service quality variable and customer loyalty</em>.</p> Liza Nora Nur Afiifah Kaamilah Siti Hafnidar Harun Copyright (c) 2022 Liza Nora, Nur Afiifah Kaamilah, Siti Hafnidar Harun https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 380 389 10.21070/pssh.v3i.149 Figurative Language Used By Gayle Forman In "If I Stay" Novel https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/148 <p>This study investigated the figurative languages used in a novel written by Gayle Forman entitled "If I Stay Novel". The researchers analyzed six figurative languages; Metonymy, Symbolic, Euphemistic, Litotes, Onomatopoeia, and Idiom. This study is descriptive qualitative. The data were in the form of sentences gained by doing several steps. The first step was reading the novel. The second was to identify and find the sentences that belong to Metonymy, Symbolic, Euphemistic, Litotes, Onomatopoeia, and Idiom. The next step was underlining the phrase or words that belong to figurative languages. After that, in analyzing the data, the researchers classified the sentences into six figurative languages, analyzed sentences, and interpreted them. In conclusion, the figurative languages in this novel contain 42% Metonymy, 5% Symbolic, 8% Euphemistic, 3% Litotes, 13% Onomatopoeia, and 29% Idiom.</p> Novi Sriwulandari M.Ainul Yaqin Risma Kartika Dewi Dennis Bayuandra Copyright (c) 2022 Novi Sriwulandari, M.Ainul Yaqin, Risma Kartika Dewi, Dennis Bayuandra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 390 394 10.21070/pssh.v3i.148 The Effect of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction at Masagung Workshop During a Pandemic Covid 19 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/113 <p>In the management of services during the COVID-19 pandemic, there are various kinds of assessments from service users about the Masagung Auto Body Repair workshop. The problem of service that does not satisfy customers is a separate lesson for Masagung's workshop in making considerations to evaluate the company's performance, in order to avoid a decrease in consumer interest in the future. This study aims to determine how far the level of service quality that has been provided by Masagung to customers when viewed from the dimensions of service quality by using a quantitative approach to the associative method. The results of this study are based on partial tests and simple linear regression, in data processing using a Likert scale and also using a scatterplot. The data studied are the results of the answers of respondents who make vehicle repairs at Masagung Workshop. The sample used is the consumers who come to visit Masagung Workshop to do car repairs. The conclusion in this study is that service quality has a significant effect on customer satisfaction, this can be seen in the t test where t count is 3.452 &gt; t table value is 1.987 with a significant 0.001 and a coefficient value of 0.131. This shows that the quality of service provided by the Masagung workshop is a factor that greatly influences the satisfaction of customers who come to the Masagung workshop.</p> Priyo utomo Maria Krisnanti Komarun Zaman Ayi Hendriawan Abdul Manan Copyright (c) 2022 Priyo utomo, Maria Krisnanti, Komarun Zaman, Ayi Hendriawan, Abdul Manan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 395 403 10.21070/pssh.v3i.113 Organizational Change On Employee Performance https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/145 <p>Along with the current business development, employees are one of the important elements in an organization. Employee performance determines the success or failure of an organization. Therefore, the organization must make internal changes whose impacts tend to affect the work of employees so that they can improve the organization itself. The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationship between organizational change and employee performance. This research methodology uses a Systematic Literature Review (SLR), which is a synthesis of literature research that is carried out by identifying, analyzing, then evaluating through the collection of existing data by searching through research selection. Information used with several international and national journals obtained by screening from Publish or Perish. The benefit of this study is to determine the effect of the relationship between organizational change and employee performance. The results showed that organizational change was related to changes in strategy, culture, employee attitudes, organizational structure, technology, communication leadership, and employee development affecting employee performance.</p> Nor Lailla Mardi Copyright (c) 2022 Nor Lailla, Mardi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 404 410 10.21070/pssh.v3i.145 Prospect Analysis of the Collaboration of "Kalimasada" and "MBKM-A" Programs as Population Administration Service Innovations in the City of Surabaya https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/144 <p><em>As a metropolitan city, Surabaya has a population of 2,971,300 people, consisting of 1,474,330 people (49.62%) men and 1,496,970 people (50.38%) women. This number causes the complexity of population administration service problems (Adminduk). The crucial problem is the discrepancy between de facto data and de jure data, caused by the high mobility of changes in population data due to births, deaths, in-migration and out-migration. The Adminduk Awareness Community Environmental Area Program (abbreviated: Kalimasada) is here to solve this problem. This study aims to: (1) determine the public's response to the Kalimasada program; (2) knowing the contribution of the Kalimasada program to data updating; (3) knowing the benefits received by universities in implementing the Independent Learning Campus Merdeka (MBKM). The method used in this research is: systematic review with a qualitative approach, namely Meta-Ethnography. Systematic review is used to identify, evaluate and interpret all research results that are relevant to the research objectives. The results of this study indicate that the collaboration between the Kalimasada and MBKM-A programs has very good prospects, which is corroborated by the data: (1) the public gave a positive response to this program (community, head of RT, village apparatus, sub-district head); (2) in each RT, there is an increase in updating population data; (3) Universities that are willing to collaborate are always increasing, and state that this program is very helpful in achieving the effectiveness of the MBKM program on their campus.</em></p> Eny Haryati Copyright (c) 2022 Eny Haryati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 411 418 10.21070/pssh.v3i.144 Legal Protection Againts Workers/Labours Who Are Not Participants of Work Accident Guarantee Program https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/143 <p><em>Work Accident </em><em>Guarantee Program (JKK) is one form of welfare and legal protection for workers who experience work accidents</em><em>. However, in </em><em>fact</em><em>, there are still many companies that do not register their workers in the Work Accident </em><em>Guarantee Program (JKK) </em><em>which was initiated by the Employment Guarantee Agency or commonly called BPJS Employment. Furthermore, the authors raise th</em><em>e </em><em>formulation of the problem, namely</em><em>: (1)</em> <em>What</em><em> are legal sanctions against employers if they do not register their workers in the Work Accident </em><em>Guarantee Program </em><em>based on Chapter 4 of Government Regulation Number 44 of 2015. </em><em>(2) H</em><em>ow </em><em>is the </em><em>legal protection for workers/labourers who are not registered in the Work Accident </em><em>Guarantee Program.</em></p> <p><em>The research is a type of </em><em>legal research using normative legal research methods which is analyze through statute approach</em><em>,</em><em> conceptual approach, and historical approach</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em>The result of this research shows that, Employers who do not register their workers in the Work Accident Guarantee Program (JKK) will receive administrative sanctions, either in the form of fines, written warnings, or not receiving certain public services.</em> <em>The rights of workers who experience work accidents both from the cost of transportation, care, and treatment, as well as wages for not being able to do work are the responsibility of the employer. In addition, since starting to work, the worker concerned can also register himself in the Work Accident Guarantee Program (JKK) and charge the employer with the collection of contributions.</em></p> Dara Puspitasari Rizki Kurniawan Zakiah Noer Mashudi Moh. Nasichin Prihatin Effendi Abdul Basid Maulida Nurhidayah Copyright (c) 2022 Dara Puspitasari, Rizki Kurniawan, Zakiah Noer, Mashudi, Moh. Nasichin, Prihatin Effendi, Abdul Basid, Maulida Nurhidayah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 419 426 10.21070/pssh.v3i.143 Financial Performance Before And After Stock Split On The Indonesia Stock Exchange In 2018 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/114 <p>&nbsp;This study discusses the company's activities on the Indonesia Stock Exchange that conduct a Stock Split. The purpose of this study was to analyze whether there were differences in financial performance before and after the company did a stock split. 12 companies carried out a stock split in 2018 that met the research criteria to be used as research samples. This study uses a comparative test or a test that compares the company's financial performance before and after the company conducts a stock split. The year the researcher chose was 2018. Using data from 2016 and 2017 for the year before the company did the stock split and 2019 and 2020 after the company did the stock split. Researchers used financial ratios, namely Current Ratio (DER), Return On Assets (ROA) and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER). The results showed that there were no differences in the company's financial performance before and after the company did a stock split.</p> Azimah Hanifah Riyanti Iskandar Zulkarnain Copyright (c) 2022 Azimah Hanifah, Riyanti, Iskandar Zulkarnain https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 427 436 10.21070/pssh.v3i.114 The Role Of MSME Marketing Strategy In Achieve Competitive Advantage https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/142 <p>MSMEs contribution to economic growth makes the MSMEs perfomance need to be improved. In the case a number of factors: product, promotion, price, distribution channel, digital marketing must be considered to improve the perfomance in MSMEs, enterpreneur ship and market orientation, so the aim of this research is provide concept marketing strategy in achieve competitive advantage. This research is use qualitative through interview with MSME. The result of this study is provide consept business strategic that can be praticed by MSMEs will improve competitive advantage. The strategic concept design include: improvement of product and service quality, attract consumers with promotion, specify of price, decide distribution channel, digital marketing. The consep of this marketing strategy can be use UMKM in changing conditions of competitive advantage.</p> Nor Lailla Nurul Sriminarti Copyright (c) 2022 Nor Lailla, Nurul Sriminarti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 437 442 10.21070/pssh.v3i.142 Analysis of Determinants of the Price of Banking Stocks Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/141 <p><em>This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the stock prices of banks listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. These factors consist of Loan To Deposit Ratio (LDR), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Return On Equity (ROE) and Operating Cost of Operating Income (BOPO). This study uses a sample of 24 banks that have been adjusted to the research criteria. Based on panel data regression analysis, it can be explained that LDR has a negative effect on stock prices, CAR has a negative effect on stock prices, ROE has a positive effect on stock prices and BOPO has a negative effect on stock prices.</em></p> Siti Muntahanah Aini Nursyafa’ah Harsuti Diah Retnowati Copyright (c) 2022 Siti Muntahanah, Aini Nursyafa’ah, Harsuti, Diah Retnowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 443 448 10.21070/pssh.v3i.141 Determinants of Job Satisfaction With Employee Performance https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/117 <p><em>This research is an associative quantitative study using primary data, with a population of 140 and a sample of 103 people, the determination of the sample using the Slovin formula. The data analysis model used is path analysis using SPSS </em></p> <p><em>The results showed the following results: Leadership style has a direct effect on job satisfaction, Human resource development has a direct effect on job satisfaction, Leadership style has a direct effect on employee performance,Human resource development has a direct and indirect effect. Job satisfaction has adirect effect on employee performance (6) Leadership style has an indirect effect on employee performance through job satisfaction, Human resource development has an indirect effect on employee performance through job satisfaction. It can be concluded that there is an indirect effect of leadership style and human resource development on employee performance through job satisfaction, but the direct influence of human resource development on job satisfaction has the greatest influence, while for the direct effect of human resource development on performance is the smallest influence.</em></p> Nazifah Husainah Maswanto Cecep Haryoto Copyright (c) 2022 Nazifah Husainah, Maswanto, Cecep Haryoto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 449 459 10.21070/pssh.v3i.117 Determinant Analysis of Audit delay: Empirical Study on Companies in the Consumer cyclical Sector https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/139 <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of audit committees, independent commissioners, firm size, profitability and solvency on audit delay in cyclical consumer sector companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) 2016-2020. The population in this study were 128 companies with a sampling technique using purposive sampling. This study used a sample of 30 companies. The research method uses multiple linear regression with panel data approach. The results showed that the audit committee and profitability had a significant negative effect on audit delay. The independent board of commissioners has a significant positive effect on audit delay. Firm size and solvency have no effect on audit delay. The implication of this research is that companies need to pay attention to factors that can affect the occurrence of audit delays such as audit committees, independent commissioners, firm size, profitability and solvency as considerations in avoiding audit delays.</p> Tjahjani Murdijaningsih Sofwatul Bariyah Krisnhoe Sukma Danuta Copyright (c) 2022 Tjahjani Murdijaningsih, Sofwatul Bariyah, Krisnhoe Sukma Danuta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 460 467 10.21070/pssh.v3i.139 Concept Of Religious Moderation As A Society Bridge And Technical Guidance For The Making Of Handsanitizer https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/138 <p>The people in Tesbatan village are generally known as people who live in religious pluralism. However, based on a preliminary survey in field, there are quite a lot of people who do not fully understand the importance of having a the right conception in a pluralistic society. Therefore, this Community Service Activity aims to form a conception of religious moderation in the Tesbatan community as a bridge for the establishment of comunity unity and co-operation in the manufacture and production of hand sanitizers form the basic ingredients of betel leaf and citrus fruits to prevent the spread og Covid-19. Methods for implementing PKM activities include : seminars on religious moderation and technical guidance on making hand sanitizer form betel leaf and citrus fruits. This activity is carried out in three stages :preparation, material provision and evaluation. In the implementation of this activity, the average response from PKM activity participants was 3,68% with very useful criteria, meaning that this PKM activity was considered very useful for the Tesbatan village community and they increasingly understood the concept of religious moderation and could also cooperate in utilizing natural resources in the form of betel leaf plants and citrus fruits to make hand sanitizer. Form the result of this study, it is hoped that community leaders as leaders can produce a cadre of leaders from young people in Tesbatan village who have a high spirit of tolerance by respecting diversity.</p> Yakobus Adi Saingo Tince Dormalin Koroh Windynia Givens Giliary Se’u Hermin Yuvine Marlene Cicilia Noach Soleman Baun Copyright (c) 2022 Tince Dormalin Koroh, Yakobus Adi Saingo, Windynia Givens Giliary Se’u, Hermin, Yuvine Marlene Cicilia Noach, Soleman Baun https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 468 478 10.21070/pssh.v3i.138 Risk Management Assistance in the Clothing and Medical Equipment Business https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/146 <p><em>Every effort made by humans, either alone or in groups as outlined in an organization or company, has the goal of getting results in the form of profits. The process that is carried out is certainly not free from risks. By being aware of the risk in the activity process, it is necessary to know through the risk identification process to the handling of the identified risks. PT. Lestari Dini Tunggul which is located in Jagakarsa area, South Jakarta is a company that started as a family business that produces medical clothing and factories, of course, wants the company to continue to run and grow and produce good results for other stakeholders. Therefore, the community service team on this occasion helped to provide assistance regarding the implementation of risk management. The method used is Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRS) which allows partners to actively participate in activities from problem identification to the end of the activity. The material presented in the mentoring activity is an understanding of Operational Risk, Human Resources and Finance. The results of the mentoring show that qualitatively partners gain additional knowledge, understanding, and insight about Risk Management. So that in carrying out their activities they are more careful and help each other in carrying out their work processes. Furthermore, it can be concluded that this assistance in implementing Risk Management can increase knowledge, understanding and insight for all employees of PT. Lestari Dini Tunggul.</em></p> Diana Diana Luqman Hakim Djoko Hananto Copyright (c) 2022 Diana Diana, Luqman Hakim, Djoko Hananto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 479 485 10.21070/pssh.v3i.146 Stimulus For Autism People Through Memorization Of The Al Qur’an At PD Salimah Gresik https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/136 <p>People with autism have certain characteristics, each of child is different and has their own characteristics. However, in general situation, people with autism have characteristics like&nbsp; lack of focus, tantrums and hyperactivity, and less manageable. This condition makes the child unable to control his emotions, that sometimes it can cause uncontrollable behaviour like hurting himself and others around him, to control this condition a stimulus is needed, one of which is by reading the Qur'an. Reading the Qur'an can make you calm and control your emotions, but not all autistic children can read the Qur'an. Autistic children usually have a very strong memory, so they are able to memorize the holy verses of the Qur'an easily through methods that are suitable for the child's condition. From these characteristics, the method of memorizing the Qur'an that can be applied to people with autism also varies, but in general it is a method that only memorizes either by reading it repeatedly or with special assistance from parents or teachers. The methods of memorizing the Qur'an that can be applied to children with autism as a stimulus in controlling emotions include: the <em>Sima'i</em> Method, the <em>Fahmul Mahfudz</em> Method, the <em>Isati'amul Mahfudz</em> Method, the <em>Talqin </em>Method, the <em>Wahdah</em> Method.</p> Adrijanti Siti Bariroh Fahimatul Anis Noor Indahwati Copyright (c) 2022 Adrijanti, Siti Bariroh, Fahimatul Anis, Noor Indahwati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 486 492 10.21070/pssh.v3i.136 Training On Making Cooperation in Business Investment at Moji Grill https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/135 <p><em>Kedai Moji Grill was initiated by three young people who have creative minds in finding current business opportunities. This business is motivated by their desire to increase their income (the Covid 19 condition) has decreased, this happens because most of them work the WFH way. Starting with chatting with the three of them and finally they have an idea, how they can open a culinary (food) business that has contemporary values with the aim of attracting young consumers, the business was founded with limited capital with shared capital. Finally, the three of them created their business by renting a place (parking a shophouse) in the Kampung utan Ciputat area, South Tangerang. They open their business from 17.30 - 10.00 WIB by using a tent. The problems that exist are; does not yet have the right way to distribute profits or losses to investors; Still using tents in running their business; There is still 1 variant of food offered to consumers.</em></p> <p><em>The solutions offered to moji grill shop entrepreneurs are: Helping provide training in making cooperation in business investment. The results of the implementation of abdimas to partners is to conduct training to the initiators of the business, namely Aulia Hazmi Ramadhan, Bimo Aulia Utomo, Abduel Surahman, and one employee, namely Dede Maulana. The training provided is training in making cooperation in investment in the Moji Grill business. Currently the business is preparing to open a new branch with the entry of new investors who are interested in the busines.</em></p> Hasanah Nazifah Husainah Azimah Hanifah Sunarti Copyright (c) 2022 Hasanah, Nazifah Husainah, Azimah Hanifah, Sunarti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 493 496 10.21070/pssh.v3i.135 Business Feasibility Test and Community-Based Waste Management Model in Kutasari Village, Banyumas District https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/190 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The rate of population growth that increases every year is accompanied by the level of public consumption, which can trigger an increase in waste production which impacts the community. Therefore, the research objectives were 1) to identify the potential for waste management in Kutasari Village, Baturaden District Banyumas Regency; 2) analyze the business feasibility of a waste in Kutasari Village, Baturaden District Banyumas Regency from a financial perspective; 3) identify the driving and inhibiting factors in waste bank management management in Kutasari Village, Baturaden District Banyumas Regency; 4) identify stakeholders involved in waste bank management management in Kutasari Village, Baturaden District Banyumas Regency, and 5) formulate a waste bank management model management in Kutasari Village, Baturaden District Banyumas Regency. The research method was a mixed-method of the business feasibility method and the Miles and Huberman method. Furthermore, the determination of research location used the purposive sampling technique. The results showed that the waste bank was an alternative solution in waste management. Financially, this business was feasible to run. It could be seen from the R/C ratio value, which was 1.41. The driving factor in the management of waste banks was public awareness of the economic value of waste. In contrast, the inhibiting factor was the lack of community participation in innovation. Stakeholders involved in waste bank management were local governments, private institutions, universities, collectors, and the community. Then the formation of a waste management model is expected to improve the community's economy. In addition, this model sought to empower the community to increase household income sustainably</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> Dian Nora Herlina Yulina Tri Wahyuni Santi Faefaya Ziadatul Anisa Sodik Dwi Purnomo Diah Retnowati Copyright (c) 2022 Dian Nora Herlina, Yulina Tri Wahyuni, Santi, Faefaya Ziadatul Anisa, Sodik Dwi Purnomo, Diah Retnowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 497 508 10.21070/pssh.v3i.190 Analysis Of Factors Affecting Understanding Of MSMEs In The Preparation Of Financial Statements Based On SAK-EMKM On MSMEs In Banyumas District https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/133 <p>This study aims to determine and analyze the effect of providing information and socialization, level of education, age of business, and business size on the understanding of SMEs in preparing financial reports based on SAK-EMKM, because MSME actors in Banyumas District have not carried out financial bookkeeping according to SAK-EMKM. This type of research uses quantitative research. There are 2 ways to collect data in this research, a questionnaire study and a literature study. Respondents in this study were Micro Business actors in Banyumas District. This study uses purposive sampling technique as a sampling method. The population of this study found 70 micro businesses and the sample in this study found 67 micro businesses. The analytical technique used in this study is multiple linear regression analysis with the help of SPSS software. The results in this study indicate that the simultaneous provision of information and socialization, education level, business age, and business size have a significant positive effect on the understanding of SMEs in preparing financial reports based on SAK-EMKM. Based on the partial study, it showed that the provision of information and socialization as well as the age of the business had a significant positive effect, while the level of education and business size did not have a significant positive effect on the understanding of MSMEs in compiling financial reports based on SAK-EMKM. The implication of the research results is to present training modules and practices that are carried out for MSME entrepreneurs.</p> Sully Kemala Octisari Yuniar Dwi Indria Astuti Ginanjar Adi Nugraha Copyright (c) 2022 Sully Kemala Octisari, Yuniar Dwi Indria Astuti , Ginanjar Adi Nugraha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 509 519 10.21070/pssh.v3i.133 Company Size And Debt To Equity Ratio To Corporate Bond Yield To Maturity https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/132 <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of firm size and debt to equity ratio on the yield to maturity of corporate bonds. The research design is associative with quantitative type. The data used is secondary data in the form of financial reports published by the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The population used is all sectoral companies that issue corporate bonds for the 2017-2020 period listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange and the Indonesia Central Securities Depository so that the selected population is 109 companies. The sampling technique uses the purposive samplingmethod, so that the selected sample is 4 companies. The analytical method used is multiple linear regression. By doing the classical assumption test, regression equation analysis, and the feasibility test of the regression model in which it is known that firm size has a positive and significant effect on the yield to maturity of corporate bonds, in addition the debt to equity ratio has positive and significant effect. To the yield to maturity of corporate bonds.</p> Zulfikar Ramadhan Sutanti Azizatul Munawaroh Dwi Oktariani Copyright (c) 2022 Zulfikar Ramadhan, Sutanti, Azizatul Munawaroh, Dwi Oktariani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 520 527 10.21070/pssh.v3i.132 Use of “Tanya Saja” Application as An Andriod-Based Counseling Medium https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/131 <p>Background: During the Covid-19 pandemic, promotive and preventive efforts online with reliable sources are the best choice for the public. Tanya Saja application was formed as an android-based midwifery counseling media that can meet information about the health of mothers and children. This research aims to find out the characteristics, interests, information, perceptions and knowledge before the use of the Tanya Saja application. Method: This study uses the cross-sectional method, data collection was carried out in July - December 2021, at posyandu Kemuning VII Karawang Kulon &nbsp;Village Tanjungpura Karawang Health Center Working Area &nbsp;involving 57 participants, where the participants of the activity were village midwives, kader and posyandu participants including pregnant women, mothers who have babies, toddlers and children, women of childbearing age. Analyze the data using chi square with a signification rate of 5%. Results: the average ask application user who is &nbsp;33 years old, has a high school education background of 50.9%, works as a housewife 89.5% has knowledge of good midwifery teleconsultation &nbsp;as much as 82.5%, has a good perception of the application tanya saja as much as 38.6%, exposed to information &nbsp;The health of mothers and children from &nbsp;&nbsp;the tanya saja application as much as 91.2%, have an interest in using the tanya saja &nbsp;application as much as 81.1%. &nbsp;The variables related to the use of the tanya saja application are the age of the respondent (p 0.015), information (p 0.000), and interest (p 0.000).&nbsp; As for the education and perception variables have no relationship with the use of the application. Conclusion: Tanya Saja application can be used as a medium for midwifery counseling during the Covid-19 pandemic.</p> Irma Yanti Leni Suhartini Lilis Suryani Hannie Copyright (c) 2022 Leni Suhartini, Irma Yanti, Lilis Suryani, Hannie https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 528 533 10.21070/pssh.v3i.131 Customer dissatisfaction and Electronic Word Of Mouth towards brand switching behavior to Wardah products https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/130 <p>This research is motivated by the current human needs are not only limited to the need for clothing, shelter, and food which is a priority, but the need for appearance by using cosmetic variants is also a need at this time. With this, there are many choices, especially for women, to choose products that provide benefits or satisfy their expectations. This makes the tendency of consumer behavior, namely the behavior of switching brands. The behavior of switching brands of cosmetic products occurs when the customer feels dissatisfied and there are other marketing factors, namely electronic word of mouth or the influence of word of mouth but occurs on social media.</p> <p>The population in this study were university students x who had switched brands to Wardah cosmetic products. The sampling technique in this study is non-probability sampling using purposive sampling with a sample size of 100 respondents. Testing the hypothesis of this study using multiple regression analysis with the help of SPSS.</p> <p>The results of the study indicate that there is an influence between customer dissatisfaction and electronic word of mouth, there is a behavior towards branding for Wardah brand cosmetics, either partially or individually and simultaneously or together. However, if there is no dissatisfaction and electronic word of mouth, then the behavior of switching brands to Wardah cosmetic products will not occur.</p> Nur Aini Anisa Abu Darim Etty Wudawati Vanda Kristia Gayatri Andri Gastri Widjatmiko Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Aini Anisa, Abu Darim, Etty Wudawati, Vanda Kristia Gayatri, Andri Gastri Widjatmiko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 534 540 10.21070/pssh.v3i.130 Strategy Analysis Of Cost Of Production In Determining The Price Of Corn In PT. Jagung Indonesia During Pandemic Covid 19 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/129 <p>This study aims to determine the calculation of the company's cost of goods manufactured in determining the selling price and knowing the calculation/determination of the product selling price applied by the company. This type of research is descriptive qualitative. The data sources of this research are the main director and financial admin of PT Jagung Sumber Rejeki. Data collection techniques used interviews and observations about the cost of goods manufactured. The data analysis technique used was data reduction, data presentation, conclusion and verification. Based on this research, PT Jagung Sumber Rejeki does not calculate the cost of production because the price of raw materials and the number of products purchased from farmers varies, in determining the selling price the company only looks at the current market price and in determining the selling price there will be bargaining between the company and the working partners for the basis of determining the selling price so that the selling price is obtained on the basis of an agreement between the two<em>.</em></p> Syamsul Arifin Maghda fauzia Ainurrokhmah Putri Ulfa Kamalia Danang Apriliyanto Copyright (c) 2022 Syamsul Arifin, Maghda fauzia Ainurrokhmah, Putri Ulfa Kamalia, Danang Apriliyanto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 541 547 10.21070/pssh.v3i.129 Survey Of Services Jend. Sudirman-Jalan A.P. Pettarani, At Maros City, South Sulawesi Province https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/111 <p>This study aims to determine the level of service at the intersection of Jl. Jend. Sudirman-Jl. A.P. Pettarani Maros City often experiences a slowdown in the morning, afternoon, and evening. The research uses survey methods and the data processing method uses quantitative methods based on statistical data. The data required for data collection and collection includes the following data: the vehicle population is taken for 6 (six) working days. The location of this research will be carried out on the Jl. Jend.. Sudirman-Jl. A.P. Pettarani Maros City. Data analysis includes vehicle characteristics. Based on observations at the intersection of Jl. Gen. Sudirman-Jl. A.P. Pettarani Maros City often experiences a slowdown in the morning, afternoon, and evening. The volume of the vehicle is quite large. In addition, it causes traffic slowdown at intersections. In addition to the distance from other alternative roads that can be crossed, the level of deceleration on Jl. Jend.. Sudirman-Jl. A.P. Pettarani Maros City&nbsp; used to be often jammed so that there was a slowdown when approaching the Horse Statue Monument. Traffic regulation at this intersection is assisted by traffic lights, but there are still long queues, especially during peak hours. Meanwhile, the development of road facilities is not matched by the growth of traffic volume, so that the intersection does not serve the traffic volume.</p> Abdul Azis Copyright (c) 2022 Abdul Azis https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 548 555 10.21070/pssh.v3i.111 Determinants of Organizational Commitment through Job Satisfaction as an Intervening Variable https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/116 <p><em>The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of Employee Engagement, Quality of Work Life on Organizational Commitment through Job Satisfaction as an intervening variable of PT. Communication</em></p> <p><em>This type of research is quantitative. The source of this research data is primary data that comes from the sample, namely the employees of PT. communication. The sampling technique in this study used saturated sampling which was distributed to all employees as many as 97 respondents. This study uses the path analysis method (path analysis) which is obtained using the Smart PLS application.</em></p> <p><em>The results of this study indicate that Employee Engagement, and Quality of Work Life have a positive and significant effect partially and simultaneously on Job Satisfaction. And Employee Engagement, Quality of Work Life, and Job Satisfaction have a positive and significant effect partially and simultaneously on Organizational Commitment, and it can be concluded that the Satisfaction variable as an intervening variable can mediate Employee Engagement, and Quality of Work Life has a positive and significant effect on Organizational Commitment. at PT. communication.</em></p> Nuraeni Suhendar Sulaeman Estu Rohmanulloh M. Yusuf Rifzaldi Nasri Copyright (c) 2022 Nuraeni, Suhendar Sulaeman, Estu Rohmanulloh, M. Yusuf, Rifzaldi Nasri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 556 561 10.21070/pssh.v3i.116 Training on Management and Simple Recording of DKM Funds at Putat Nutug Village Mosque, Ciseeng, West Java https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/115 <p><em>Putat Nutug Village is a village located in Ciseeng District, Bogor Regency, West Java. The economic dynamics of the community are very diverse, ranging from traders to farmers. However, their business is still limited to capital. Knowledge of financial institutions that are syar'i safe funds is still very lacking. They are more daring to deal with illegal financial institutions even with very high returns. The purpose of this community service is to improve the knowledge and skills of the general public and especially the DKM managers in the village where the service is located in managing mosque funds in a syar'i way, especially in zakat, infaq and alms funds, so that they can be used as a source of financing that can help capital. public. The service method is in the form of direct training to participants on several things related to cash flow recording, to manual ledger making. The result of community service is an increase in knowledge and skills and understanding in managing mosque funds for the better.</em></p> Rifzaldi Nasri Nuraeni Dina Febriani Darmansyah M. Yusuf M. Ikra Copyright (c) 2022 Rifzaldi Nasri, Nuraeni, Dina Febriani Darmansyah, M. Yusuf, M. Ikra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 562 566 10.21070/pssh.v3i.115 Socialization and Implementation of Midwifery Teleconsultation "Tanya Saja" app https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/128 <p>The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak has spread globally and caused nearly 10,000,000 diagnosed cases and 500,000 deaths as of June 28, 2020. The impact of covid-19 can be greater on vulnerable populations. Pregnant women tend to be more physiologically and psychologically vulnerable to infectious diseases, putting them at higher risk of maternal complications. To avoid exposure to the COVID-19 virus, the government through the task force protocol recommends that health services in the form of education through teleconsultation<em>, </em>so that in exploring the challenges faced during the current covid-19 pandemic, smartphone technology in the form of applications with android operating information systems in support of information is provided. The purpose of making the Android-based "Ask Only" Midwifery Consultation application is as a promotive and preventive effort to spread the Covid-19 virus both to health workers and clients in providing remote midwifery care services. This devotional activity was held in December 2021. The method of devotion carried out by the form of socialization to the target of midwifery in Posyandu Kemuning VII Karawang Kulon Puskesmas Tanjungpura village with a total of 57 participants. The results of this activity obtained more participant data in the age group of ≤ 35 years, most participants from high school-PT education background, the majority of participants as Housewives, the majority of participants' knowledge about teleconsultation both, most participants gave an interested response using the Tanya Saja application.&nbsp;</p> Irma Yanti Leni Suhartini Lilis Suryani Hannie Copyright (c) 2022 Irma Yanti, Leni Suhartini, Lilis Suryani, Hannie https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 567 573 10.21070/pssh.v3i.128 Created Mother For Able Technology And To Protect Children From Sexual Abuse With The "Hai Dia" Application https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/112 <p><em>The development of the industry towards the 5.0 era and triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic made the use of online media rampant. Many parents are aware of the dangers of online media for children, but the lack of mastery of technology is an obstacle for parents in protecting their children. This activity aimed to increase the knowledge of mothers in protecting their children from the risk of sexual violence both by contact and online through the mobile-based application “Hi Dia”. The method used was the community education method through counseling. The educational materials provided were the socialization of the underwear rules, parenting materials on Online Gender-Based abuse, and technology lecture materials for mothers. Twenty-five mothers participated offline in this activity. Mothers' knowledge about protecting children from the dangers of online sexual abuse was measured before and after the paired t-test was carried out. The results obtained p-value 0.005 concluded that there was an increase in the knowledge of mothers in protecting their children from the dangers of sexual abuse. This activity should be made a routine agenda considering the rapid development of technology triggers the need for technology-savvy mothers to protect their children from the dangers of online media.</em></p> Nurmukaromatis Saleha Sardaniah Nurlailli Titin Aprilatutini Copyright (c) 2022 Nurmukaromatis Saleha, Sardaniah, Nurlailli, Titin Aprilatutini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-02 2022-06-02 3 574 579 10.21070/pssh.v3i.112 Urgency of Cultural and Citizen Literacy for Elementary School in the Digitalization Era https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/202 <p>Starting to fade awareness of the diversity that exists in the social environment, will result in conflicts between individuals and between groups emerging. The emergence of these conflicts has an impact on disrupting national stability because it is easier for people to be divided with hatred and prejudice just because they do not know and understand the diversity of their nation, especially in the digitalization era which provides easy access to digitally interacting, therefore the implementation of cultural literacy and citizenship in the current digital era, it is very necessary to implement it in the world of education, especially at the elementary school level which is a basic means in developing student potential to become human beings who believe and are devoted to God Almighty, have noble character, are healthy, knowledgeable, capable, creative, independent. , and become a democratic and responsible citizen. This study aims to describe the urgency of cultural literacy and citizenship for elementary schools in the digitalization era and how to implement cultural literacy and citizenship in elementary schools. This research uses a literature study method by collecting and analyzing various literature sources such as books, magazines, and research journals that are in accordance with the research objectives. Based on the results of the study, it was found that in the current digitalization era, the implementation of cultural literacy and citizenship in elementary schools is very urgent. The implementation of cultural literacy and citizenship in elementary schools can be carried out well if it is supported by parents, and the surrounding community by providing facilities to support cultural and civic literacy programs prepared by the school.</p> Machful IndraKurniawan Mahardika Darmawan Kususma Wardana Ria wulandari Copyright (c) 2022 Machful IndraKurniawan, Mahardika Darmawan Kususma Wardana, Ria wulandari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-06 2022-06-06 3 580 584 10.21070/pssh.v3i.202 Conceptualization of Multicultural-Based Blended Learning with Flipped Classroom Model: Implications for Collaborative Problem Solving https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/203 <p>The advantages of blended learning are flexibility and a personalized learning environment. A personalized learning environment is an effort to improve the quality of learner learning based on the diversity of the learner, one of which is cultural background. The diversity possessed by learners, especially cultural differences, needs to be taught to foster mutual respect, tolerance, and awareness to behave in a humanist, pluralist, and democratic manner which can be implemented through multicultural education. Previous research has not described cultural diversity in designing learning in blended learning. The purpose of writing this article is to develop a conceptual framework for blended learning based on multiculturalism using the flipped classroom model and its implications for collaborative problem-solving. The method used is a literature study.</p> Ria Wulandari Noly Shofiyah Machful Indra Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 Ria Wulandari , Noly Shofiyah, Machful Indra Kurniawan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-06 2022-06-06 3 585 595 10.21070/pssh.v3i.203 Challenges and Opportunities of Micro-Scale Business Development by Housewives During Pandemic https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/204 <p>MSME Tirtasari Raka Rayi, owned by a housewife, started a business in early 2020 that produces healthy drinks. The healthy drink produced are suitable for all ages by utilizing natural ingredients derived from agricultural products. They are called Sarkajo, Jeniper Mint, Sarkurma and Sargunies. During the Covid-19 pandemic, people's movements for outdoor activities is limited. It effects in a tremendous on all life aspects, including the economic activities of Tirtasari Raka Rayi MSMEs. In sales, the partner depends on incoming orders and still use offline or direct selling. On the other hand, the business legality is not owned by the partners. The method used by the community service team is personal assistance to partners who are housewives, such as product and marketing innovation and business legality. MSME Tirtasari Raka Rayi got the following results: 1) product innovations other than healthy drinks. It is frozen food: a) steamed and fried race chicken, b) gepuk beef, c) firecracker lungs; 2) online marketing of healthy drinks and frozen food products using social media: Whats Apps and Instagram; 3) business legality as an entrepreneur: Entrepreneurial Registration Number (NIB) and Small Medium Business License (IUMK). Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that the pandemic period is an opportunity for partners who are housewives. The opportunity is to improve and develop the busess by adapting and innovating. Thus, the Covid 19 pandemic is a challenge and opportunity for MSME business development.</p> Nurleila Jum'ati Ardiansyah Hendra Lukmana Nur Aini Azizah Siti Wulandari Rischa Ayu Rachmania Dyah Puspita Indah Budi Sari Wulan Copyright (c) 2022 Nurleila Jum'ati, Ardiansyah Hendra Lukmana, Nur Aini Azizah, Siti Wulandari , Rischa Ayu Rachmania, Dyah Puspita Indah Budi Sari Wulan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-07 2022-06-07 3 596 603 10.21070/pssh.v3i.204 Pemberdayaan Rintisan Desa Wisata Berbasis Pendampingan: Desa Ngembe, Beji, Pasuruan https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/205 <p>Desa Ngembe memiliki potensi wisata alam berupa wisata Grojokan Limo, namun pandemi covid-19 membuat kunjungan ke Grojokan Limo turun drastic, bahkan mendekati nihil dan fasilitas yang ada pun rusak serta terbengkalai. Selain wisata, kegiatan PKK juga kurang memiliki gereget, seperti pelaksanaan posyandu, senam lansia, dan pengelolaan lahan Tanaman Obat Keluarga (Toga) yang dikelola oleh masyarakat setempat terbengkelai. Untuk mengatassi kendala tersebut, program pengabdian kepada masyarakat berbasis pengabdian kepada masyarakat (PKM) ini menyasar meningkatkan kunjungan ke Grojokan Limo serta optimalisasi pemberdayaan Toga dengan membuat produk inovatif dari hasil tanaman Toga. Metode yang dilakukan adalah menggelar <em>event</em> HUT dan edukasi pembuatan produk inovatif Jajeldot kepada ibu-ibu desa Ngembe. Hasil dari kegiatan pengabdian ini adalah objek wisata Grojokan Limo menjadi dikenal kembali oleh wisatawan peningkatan keberdayaan PKK untuk menggelar kegiatan kemasyarakatan meningkat. Sementara, keterampilan ibu-ibu untuk membuat produk inovatif berbahan dasar tanaman Toga juga naik.</p> Nur Abadiyah Niko Fediyanto Zamruda Rahma Febrina Shanti Nurrachma Silvia Gita Safitri Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Abadiyah, Niko Fediyanto, Zamruda Rahma, Febrina Shanti Nurrachma, Silvia Gita Safitri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 3 604 610 10.21070/pssh.v3i.205 Training of Visual Media Based on Natural Materials as a Learning Facility for Independent Learning at Sdn Kupang 4 Sidoarjo https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/206 <p>The purpose of this community service activity is to provide training in making visual media based on natural materials for teachers at SDN Kupang 4 Sidoarjo. The problem faced by partners is the lack of mastery of the element of providing facilities in the learning process, namely not providing media at every learning time. While the SDN Kupang 4 Sidoarjo school is rich in natural potential, because it is located in a pond area with materials that are easy to use as learning media that can be used as learning materials in the teaching and learning process. The methods of implementing these community service activities are: conducting a needs analysis by making observations regarding the problems that exist with partners to be immediately assisted in solving problems, then determining the objectives of the training, conducting education, training, and monitoring and evaluation of the application of media in the learning process. obtained after receiving training in visual media based on natural materials, teachers and students produce a learning media by adjusting the existing theme, then the teacher applies the media in learning activities. So that learning is no longer monotonous but looks fun and meaningful because students become interactive learning through the media that is applied.</p> Tri Linggo Wati Kemil Wakhidah Jamilatur Rohmah Firyalita sarah firdaus Moh. FarisYudiana Putra Copyright (c) 2022 Tri Linggo Wati, Kemil Wakhidah, Jamilatur Rohmah, Firyalita sarah firdaus, Moh. FarisYudiana Putra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 3 611 615 10.21070/pssh.v3i.206 Increasing Environment Productivity of Crispy Fried Chicken Vendors Using the Green Productivity Method https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/207 <p>Cooking oil is one of basic needed for food vendors especially crispy chicken (CC). The CC vendors will use a large amount of cooking oil. The frying oil are usually composed clean oil and flour slurry. The habit that often done by seller CC are reuse the frying oil which still clear, and throw the sediment (flour slurry) in the trash or river. Of course, that will be one caused damage of environment surrounding. Purpose this research are to identifying the management of waste fried oil and flour slurry. The investment cost of preventing environmental impact and the benefits which they were obtain, be the problem that have not been mitigation of environmental impact yet. In this research, applied the Green Productivity Method to provide mitigation environmental impact from waste cooking oil.</p> Indah Apriliana Sari Inggit Marodiyah Nur Ravita Hanun Copyright (c) 2022 Indah Apriliana Sari, Inggit Marodiyah, Nur Ravita Hanun https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 3 616 622 10.21070/pssh.v3i.207 Strategies to Increase the Productivity of Tilapia Fish Cultivation as Flagship Product in Kramatjegu https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/208 <p>Pandemic Covid 19 is a difficult moment for the whole of community. Where the word health and economy is experiencing a downturn that affects to the lower levels of society, not exception the people in Kramatjegu village. By the utilizing of existing land, and unused building goods they made some of fish ponds from a sheeting. With a little of cultivation knowledge they start farming close their homes. The problems emerged in the first month of cultivation started. There were&nbsp; a lot of Tilapia fish have died, and they had stopped their cultivation. The lack of knowledge and there are not guidance book about Tilapia maintenance, makes people solved the problem did not appropriate. Another cause of Tilapia fish have died are lack of quality water control such as pH and O2, and improper of feed techniques. Consequently, the harvest plan did not match with the time and quantity targeted. So, the solution to that problems are provide education and work instruction of Tilapia care work.</p> Indah Apriliana Sari Shazana Dhiya Ayuni Lukman Hudi Copyright (c) 2022 Indah Apriliana Sari, Shazana Dhiya Ayuni, Lukman Hudi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 3 623 627 10.21070/pssh.v3i.208 Assistance for Soy Milk SMEs in Sidoarjo to Increase Production and Sales Post-Covid-19 Pandemic https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/209 <ol> <li>Sumber Rejeki is a producer of soy milk drinks located in Sumorame Village, Sidoarjo Regency with</li> </ol> <p>the Seven soy brand. In line with its growing business, UD. Sumber Rejeki tries to make several innovations to increase</p> <p>its production and sales. However, the efforts made could not be maximized due to several things, including: production</p> <p>equipment and facilities owned were still limited, there was no scheduling and production planning, the soy milk</p> <p>produced could not last long, the market and distribution were still limited, the media used to market the product is still</p> <p>limited. So with some of the problems faced, several solutions were taken to overcome these problems, namely: first by</p> <p>providing a production tool in the form of a bottle cap machine, the hope is that production will increase. Second, by</p> <p>designing the distribution system and online marketing.</p> Iswanto Ribangun B. Jakaria Yunianita Rahmawati Copyright (c) 2022 Iswanto, Ribangun B. Jakaria, Yunianita Rahmawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 3 628 631 10.21070/pssh.v3i.209 Learning Innovation Training Using Quizizz Based Google Meet for Elementary School Teachers https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/215 <p><em>This Community Service activity aims to (1) provide knowledge and understanding of elementary school teachers about the Quizizzapplication (2) provide training to elementary school teachers in making assessments using the Quizizzapplication and implementing learning using google meetings, (3) providing training on the Quizizzapplication for students to elementary school teachers. In training the delivery of material and practice using an andragogy approach. Participants consisted of teachers at SD Muhammadiyah 5 Porong totaling 14 people. The delivery of material and practice in this training is carried out through workshop activities. The workshop was held in two meetings, the first was the delivery of the Quizizzapplication in general. The second is the practice of creating an account for teachers, setting language, creating quizzes and materials, how to do quizzes, how to give homework and Quizizz's interaction with google meetings. And how to create accounts for students, how students join classes, and how students take quizzes. With this training, the understanding and knowledge of teachers has increased as evidenced by the evaluation results. Teachers have been able to create quizzes and implement them in learning by using google meetings, and teachers understand how to apply Quizizzfor students.</em></p> Fitria Wulandari Fika Megawati Feri Tirtoni Bagas Abrianto Fajarista Faiq Rahayu Copyright (c) 2022 Fitria Wulandari, Fika Megawati, Feri Tirtoni, Bagas Abrianto, Fajarista Faiq Rahayu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-23 2022-06-23 3 632 636 10.21070/pssh.v3i.215 Managerial Leadership, Communication and Reward System in Herbal Family Business https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/216 <p><em>Leadership performance in the family business is the main focus of management as the main controller of business decisions. Leadership competence and managerial skills become a combination whose framework will lead the company to achieve the company's performance goals and bring the company's sustainability. Centralized leadership in the family herbal business and intensive communication are able to build job satisfaction for employees so that closeness is established and reduces the tendency of turnover. However, leadership in the herbal family business also has a tendency to be resistant to change and the disconnection of knowledge sharing from previous successors is an obstacle in innovation. The problem of herbal industry production which tends to fluctuate, requires a compensation system that is able to maintain employee motivation and performance. Variable pay systems in the form of bonuses and incentives are additional income as well as rewards for employee performance. This study aims to provide an overview of the role of leadership in the herbal family business and provide a novelty discourse and synthesis of leadership theory and managerial skills. Managerial leadership is expected to provide an overview of the importance of planning leaders to have managerial skills. Thus the contribution and competence of leaders through managerial leadership will be able to provide job satisfaction for employees. Managerial leadership consisting of leading self and others, providing strategic, Delivering Result, Technical Skill and Conceptual Skill will help facilitate the optimization of leader performance and communication.</em></p> Vera Firdaus Dewi Andriani Rizky Eka Febriansah Copyright (c) 2022 Vera Firdaus, Dewi Andriani, Rizky Eka Febriansah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-23 2022-06-23 3 637 642 10.21070/pssh.v3i.216 Inorganic Waste Utilization Training for Teachers at MI Muhammadiyah Kedungbanteng https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/214 <p>Everyone must produce garbage and gradually the garbage will accumulate. Therefore, it is necessary to provide clear information for people who have minimal education on waste management. This bias starts from the students. MI Muhammadiyah Kedungbanteng has several problems related to inorganic waste, including: (1) the lack of teacher skills in the use of inorganic waste in schools and (2) the unavailability of inorganic waste processing programs. This is what underlies the activities of the Institutional Community Partnership Program (PKaMI) implemented at the MI. The objectives of PKaMI activities include: (1) increasing the ability of teachers to utilize inorganic waste and (2) implementing inorganic waste management programs in schools. The results obtained from this program are that teachers begin to have knowledge of inorganic waste management and have an understanding of how to implement waste management programs in the school curriculum.</p> Zuyyina Fihayati Vanda Rezania Choirun Nisak Aulina Dian Nur Azizah Silvia Gita Safitri Copyright (c) 2022 Zuyyina Fihayati, Vanda Rezania, Choirun Nisak Aulina, Dian Nur Azizah, Silvia Gita Safitri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-23 2022-06-23 3 643 645 10.21070/pssh.v3i.214 Application of the Precepts of Pancasila as an Effort to Strengthen the Pelajar Pancasila Profile in Elementary Schools https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/217 <p>The Ministry of Education and Culture is introducing the Pelajar Pancasila Profile to students as a reflection of the embodiment of Indonesian students who have a passion for lifelong learning, have global competence, and behave in accordance with Pancasila values. Therefore, this study aims to: (1) find out how the application of the Pancasila precepts as an effort to strengthen the character of Pancasila students in elementary schools and (2) analyze the resulting impact .The research methodology applied is a literature study so that it can describe the theory, findings , as well as other research materials obtained from reference materials to be used as the basis for research activities which are then useful for developing a framework of thought related to the character of Pancasila Students. The results obtained are the importance of applying and familiarizing the Pancasila precepts in everyday life both at home and at school as an effort to strengthen the character of the Pancasila Student Profile so that it can produce students who behave in accordance with Pancasila values.</p> Vanda Rezania Zuyyina Fihayati Hazim Dian Fitra Aryani Copyright (c) 2022 Vanda Rezania, Zuyyina Fihayati, Hazim, Dian Fitra Aryani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-23 2022-06-23 3 646 650 10.21070/pssh.v3i.217 Household Waste Education of Kajartengguli in Sidoarjo Regency https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/218 <p>Garbage is a problem for the community and the government. Moreover, according to data from KLH (2021) more than 50% of the total garbage in the community are household waste, because majority of the waste is remnants of daily activities. In addition to having an environmental impact, waste aesthetically reduces beauty and affects health with the appearance and smell it causes. To minimize the impact of waste, there must be some kind of activities to manage waste such as reducing and handling the produced waste. The problem faced by PKK women in Kajartengguli Village is how to manage and handle household waste which is increasing day by day, especially non-organic waste that cannot be decomposed. Which, all this time, the garbage was burned. This situation causes the environment to become less clean and tends to be underestimated. This community service activity aims to provide knowledge and socialization to the community about waste and its management to provide benefits such as increasing income by managing non-organic waste. The method is to conduct socialization related to waste and its use, provide counseling and assistance in managing non-organic waste into products that can be sold. This outreach and counseling was carried out through PKK Women in Kajartengguli Village by bringing in expert from the waste management staff of the Sidoarjo Regency Environmental Agency. The results of this activities showed that PKK women responded well in dealing with the waste generated. In addition, the level of understanding of the 3Rs, namely reduce, reuse and recycle has increased.</p> Inggit Marodiyah Atikha Sidhi Cahyana Intan Rohma Nurmalasari Copyright (c) 2022 Inggit Marodiyah, Atikha Sidhi Cahyana, Intan Rohma Nurmalasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 3 651 654 10.21070/pssh.v3i.218 Risk Analysist of Sugarcane Cultivation Process in Sidoarjo https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/219 <p>The occurrence of various risks that are intentional or non-intentional in the sugarcane planting process affect the quality of sugarcane. In addition to affecting the quality, the higher the risk that arises, it also causes the productivity of sugarcane to decrease. Although the sugar factory has provided counseling and assistance to sugarcane farmers, the different characters and conditions of the soil and the environment resulting in risks during the sugarcane planting process that are still high. The decline in quality and productivity was reported in several magazines such as Tempo, Hortus, and Kominfo as indicated by data on the decline in sugarcane yields since August 2016. The yield decreased from 6.5% to 5.7% to 5.8%, this decrease affecting farmers' incomes. This study aims to determine what factors trigger the emergence of risk during the planting process that causes the quality and productivity of sugarcane to decline. The method used in this research is depth interview. Initial information is obtained from sugarcane farmers and managers about the factors that triggers the emergence of risk during the sugarcane planting process. The results of this study founds that several risk factors can be occurred during the planting period, including risks due to soil structure, lack of fertilizer, pest attacks, delays in the <em>klentek</em> process, lack of water supply, and land fires.</p> Inggit Marodiyah Atikha Sidhi Cahyana Intan Rohma Nurmalasari Copyright (c) 2022 Inggit Marodiyah, Atikha Sidhi Cahyana, Intan Rohma Nurmalasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 3 655 658 10.21070/pssh.v3i.219 Features of Automation of the Lesson Schedule Through the Programming Language in Higher Military Educational Institutions. https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/220 <p>Information technology has become not only an integral part of people's daily lives, but also the activities of government and business institutions. In addition, the active and rational use of information technology allows the organization to maintain a high level of competitiveness, regardless of the size, scope and scope of activities. Thus, in the context of rapid and continuous development of information technologies for such organizations, it is necessary to improve the existing material resources and software used individually and as a whole information architecture. In the process of compiling the table, scientific research begins in the middle of the last century. Scheduling is available not only in the field of education, but also in the field of transport, industry, public services and more.</p> T.Sh.Jumaniyozov F.Sh.Davronov Copyright (c) 2022 T.Sh.Jumaniyozov , F.Sh.Davronov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 3 659 662 10.21070/pssh.v3i.220 PKM Pelatihan Hilirisasi dan Inovasi Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) Bagi Guru SD Untuk Mendukung Gerakan Nasional Transformation of Hybrid Learning Education Strategy Towards the Post-Covid 19 Pandemic Era (One Account For Various Act https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/221 <p>Program kemitraan dilaksanakan dengan melibatkan sekolah SD yang melakukan budaya gerakan literasi sekolah dasar. Sebagai Mitra pertama yaitu &nbsp;SDN Sidomulyo dan sebagai Mitra kedua adalah MI Mathlaul Ulum. Kedua sekolah ini memiliki persamaan yaitu sama-sama SD yang sedang melaksanakan program “sekolah berbudaya Literasi positif gadget<em>” </em>untuk mengaktifkan budaya membaca dan menulis sejak dini di sekolahnya masing-masing. Kedua sekolah tersebut memiliki alasan tersendiri saat memilih menerima pelatihan program Pembelajaran Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis <em>Interactive class (IC) Untuk Mendukung Gerakan Nasional Transformation of Hybrid Learning Education Strategy Towards the Post-Covid 19 Pandemic Era (One Account For Various Activities Learn # Aplikasi Belajar.id), a</em>da sisi positif di sekolah mitra ini salah satunya adalah tersedianya komponen fasilitas pendukung pembelajaran <em>E-Learning. </em>Menurut penelitian yang dilakukan Robbert Henry, kompenen pembelajaran Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>E-Learning </em>adalah pencampuran dua unsur pembelajaran yakni, pembelajaran di kelas (konvensional/<em>clasroom lesson</em>) dengan pembelajaran secara Interaksi <em>online</em>. (2017:03). Sehingga dari pernyataan tersebut program Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>Untuk Mendukung Gerakan Nasional Transformation of Hybrid Learning Education Strategy Towards the Post-Covid 19 Pandemic Era (One Account For Various Activities Learn # Aplikasi Belajar.id) ,</em>mampu untuk meningkatkan dan menjadikan peserta didik di sekolah menjadi pribadi yang memiliki karakter berpikir kritis serta responsive. Namun, kedua sekolah tersebut juga memiliki beberapa persamaan, yang dapat di katakan sebagai sebuah masalah, yaitu hampir 87% guru di masing masing sekolah mitra tidak memahami mengenai konsep menyusun Pembelajaran Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>Artificial Intelligence platform Indonesia Government E- Learning “Rumah Belajar</em>, sehingga belum ada guru yang berkompetensi untuk menyusun Pembelajaran Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>Blanded Learning </em>untuk pada pada kelas atas yaitu kelas 4, 5 dan kelas 6 khususnya yang akan mengikuti Ujian Akhir Nasional Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>online</em>. Padahal Kondisi sarana dan prasarana sekolah yang ada saat ini sangat memungkinkan adanya suatu aktifitas yang berkaitan dengan pengembangan keterampilan guru dalam mengembangkan sistem pembelajaran inovatif Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>Digital Literacy School</em>, hal ini bisa dilihat dari fasilitas pendukung di sana, misalnya sudah optimalnya keberadaan sebuah Laboratorium Komputer sekolah yang sudah dilengkapi dengan jaringan internet, namun hal tersebut tidak dimanfaatkan dengan baik oleh guru.</p> <p>Maka Solusi nantinya adalah dengan memberikan Pelatihan Program Pembelajaran Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>Untuk Mendukung Gerakan Nasional Transformation of Hybrid Learning Education Strategy Towards the Post- Covid 19 Pandemic Era (One Account For Various Activities Learn # Aplikasi Belajar.id) , </em>Program pelatihan ini nantinya sangat membantu sekali karena seperti yang kita tahu, bahwa ke lima mata pelajaran tersebut didalamnya memiliki banyak konsep yang harus dipahami dan dihafal oleh siswa, dalam hal ini sebisa mungkin lima mata pelajaran tersebut bisa memberikan sebuah pengalaman belajar kepada siswa. Oleh karena itu. Sebuah solusi sudah ditawarkan dan akan dilaksanakan sebagai sebuah solusi konkrit yang dapat dilaksanakan, yang berupa pelatihan dan pendampingan bagi guru sekolah dasar berbudaya literasi tersebut. Maka Rencana luaran dari PKM ini adalah sebuah produk yang berupa sistem Program Pembelajaran Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC).<em>Untuk Mendukung Gerakan Nasional Transformation of Hybrid Learning Education Strategy Towards the Post-Covid 19 Pandemic Era (One Account For Various Activities Learn # Aplikasi Belajar.id) , </em>yang terimplementasi pada pada pada kelas atas yaitu kelas 4, 5 dan kelas 6 khususnya yang akan mengikuti Ujian Akhir Nasional Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) <em>online </em>di SD mitra 1 dan 2, yang didesain kreatif sehingga memberikan sebuah kualitas yang maksimal dan memiliki nilai yang baik dalam segi manfaat dan fungsi sebagai sebuah media pembelajaran Pendidikan inovatife Platform Aplikasi Belajar.id Berbasis Interactive class (IC) digital untuk membangun budaya literasi sekolah dan “Menjawab Keterampilan Pembelajaran Abad 21 <em>The 21st century learning skills</em>”.</p> Feri Tirtoni Rugaya Ika Ratna Indra Astutik Copyright (c) 2022 Feri Tirtoni, Rugaya, Ika Ratna Indra Astutik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 3 659 668 10.21070/pssh.v3i.221 Pengembangan Media Smart Board Hybride Learning Version 2.0 Berbasis Primary Education Level Interactive Class untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Critical Thinking Ability Menghadapi Era – Post. Pandemic COVID 19 https://pssh.umsida.ac.id/index.php/pssh/article/view/222 <p>Tingkat Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp;&nbsp; siswa SD di perkotaan khususnya di Kabupaten Sidoarjo&nbsp; masih terbilang minim, yaitu hanya sebesar 18-22 % dari rata-rata siswa di dalam kelas yang mampu berfikir kritis saat PBM berlangsung hasil responden guru yang dilakukan oleh peneliti via google form angket 2021, hal ini terjadi karena rendahnya keterampilan siswa dalam hal bertanya, menanggapi, mempresentasikan serta berdialog sesama siswa pada saat proses pembelajaran serta masih sulit nya dalam menyampaikan pendapat atau opsi jawaban kepada guru pada saat pembelajaran maupun saat diskusi dan belum mampu memahami konsep abstrak pada pembelajaran Tematik (data hasil penelitian Pandu Hermawan Tahun 2018). Sedangkan kedepan tantangan di Era – Post. Pandemic Covid 19 mewajibkan setiap individu memiliki keterampilan berfikir kritis dalam berbagai bidang yang multidisipliner. &nbsp;Dilapangan ditemukan kembali sebuah data dari permasalahan pada sisi rendahnya ketrampilan proses Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp;&nbsp; siswa SD Watutulis 2 kelas II yaitu sebesar 68% siswa di kelas II mengalami kesulitan dalam proses berfikir kritis saat PBM dari total 26 siswa didalam kelas, data ini berdasarkan hasil observasi peneliti yang dilakukan pada tanggal 6 Desember 2021 . Maka dari Latar belakang permasalahan diatas diperlukan suatu cara untuk meningkatkan ketrampilan Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp;&nbsp; siswa SD melalui pengembangan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroom. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk : (1) Mendeskripsikan proses pengembangan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroom untuk meningkatkan kemampuan Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp;&nbsp; siswa SD kelas II pada mata pelajaran TEMATIK. (2) Mendekripsikan hasil pengembangan pengembangan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroom untuk meningkatkan kemampuan Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp;&nbsp; siswa SD kelas II pada mata pelajaran TEMATIK. Pengembangan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroomberbasis <em>Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp; </em>akan dilakukan sampai tahap desain / uji coba dengan sebuah hipotesis bahwa pengembangan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroom berpengaruh dalam meningkatkan kemampuan Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp;&nbsp; siswa SD Watutulis 2 kelas II. <em>Prototipe</em> produk yang dihasilkan yaitu sebuah Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroom yang telah disusun satu paket dengan Modul , RPP dan silabusnya serta <em>manual guide</em>-nya dimana media ini memiliki berbagai jenis permainan <em>games</em> <em>fun learning </em>yang mampu menarik motifasi siswa agar mampu berdialog dan berinteraksi dengan sesama temannya dalam proses pembelajaran dalam pemikiran yang berlangsung kritis. Pendekatan Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian dan pengembangan <em>(Research and Development)</em>, dengan dilakukan penyederhanaan langkah, dari sepuluh langkah (Borg &amp; Gall, 2003 :571), menjadi tiga tahap, yaitu: studi pendahuluan, pengembangan, dan validasi. Selanjutnya peneliti mengadaptasi berdasarkan pada ketentuan dan kebutuhan dalam Pengembangan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroomberbasis <em>Critical Thinking Ability</em><em>. </em>Adapun rencana didalam penelitian ini nantinya adalah adanya peningkatan ketrampilan Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp;&nbsp; siswa SD kelas II pada saat proses pembelajaran melalui penggunaan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroom berbasis <em>Critical Thinking Ability&nbsp; </em>yang dikembangkan melalui petunjuk &nbsp;yang ada pada media. Diharapkan nantinya penggunaan Media Smart Board berbasis Interactive Hybrid Classroom ini menarik motifasi siswa agar mampu berdialog dan berinteraksi dengan sesama temannya dalam proses pembelajaran dalam pemikiran yang berlangsung kritis, sehingga siswa akan memahami keseluruhan materi Tematik yang disampaikan. Sehingga nantinya media tersebut dapat menjawab tantangan pengembangan dunia pendidikan SD dalam memasuki Era – Post. Pandemic Covid 19 hal ini pun sejalan dan sinergi pada pencapaian renstra UMSIDA yang telah dinyatakan dalam&nbsp; <em>road map</em> penelitian <em>social humaniora</em> LPPM Umsida yaitu pada point 8 tentang pengembangan inovasi pendidikan dan budaya Literasi.</p> Feri Tirtoni Widyastuti Joko Susilo Copyright (c) 2022 Feri Tirtoni, Widyastuti, Joko Susilo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-29 2022-06-29 3 669 677 10.21070/pssh.v3i.222