Dissemination of Technology for the Use of Biofertilizers and Biopesticides for Women's Farmer Groups Diseminasi Teknologi Pemanfaatan Agen Hayati Biofertilizer dan Biopestisida Bagi Kelompok Tani Wanita

Main Article Content

Sutarman

Abstract

The use of chemicals will be increasingly abandoned considering that they can reduce soil fertility, cause environmental pollution, and are often ineffective. The socialization of biological fertilizers and pesticides technology at the Women Farmers Group (KTW) "Lestari" Pungging Village (Mojokerto Regency) aims to provide a basic understanding of biological agents and create technical mastery of their use and disseminate information so as to encourage all farmers to apply alternative fertilizers and pesticides chemistry. The problem faced by KTW members is that they do not understand at all the knowledge of the characteristics and roles and technology of using biological agents. The solutions are: (i) introducing and providing an understanding of biological agents as an alternative to chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and (ii) increasing the intensity of their knowledge and understanding to be able to socialize the use of biological agents. Implementation methods include: observing the characteristics of KTW, counseling and training related to biological agents and their formulations, planning and implementing Pre-Production of Biological Fertilizers and Pesticides, and evaluation. All activities will be carried out from August 2021 to February 2022. The result of this biotechnology dissemination activity is a change in the basic level of understanding about the characteristics of effective fungal biological agents, from 0% to 65%. Pre-production cadres and implementers prepare pre-production plans, design packaging, determine cost of goods sold, promotion and sales plans. This achievement shows the capacity of KTW cadres in promoting the use of biological agents by farmers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sutarman. (2022). Dissemination of Technology for the Use of Biofertilizers and Biopesticides for Women’s Farmer Groups : Diseminasi Teknologi Pemanfaatan Agen Hayati Biofertilizer dan Biopestisida Bagi Kelompok Tani Wanita . Procedia of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3, 1427-1435. https://doi.org/10.21070/pssh.v3i.342
Section
Articles

References

[1] Abbas A, Jiang D, and Fu Y. Trichoderma spp. as antagonist of Rhizoctonia solani. Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology. 2017; 08(03). https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7471.1000402.
[2] Seepe HA, Nxumalo W, Amoo SO. 2021. Natural Products from Medicinal Plants against Phytopathogenic Fusarium Species: Current Research Endeavours, Challenges and Prospects. Molecules. 2021; 26(21): 6539. doi: 10.3390/molecules2621653.
[3] Chechi A, Stahlecker J, Dowling ME, Schnabel G. Diversity in species composition and fungicide resistance profiles in Colletotrichum isolates from apples. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 2019; 158:18–24. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048357519300689.
[4] Wisniewski M, Droby S, Norelli J, Liu J, Schena L. Alternative management technologies for postharvest disease control: The journey from simplicity to complexity. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 2016;122:3–10. doi: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.05.012.
[5] Van Bruggen AHC, He MM, Shin K, Mai V, Jeong KC, Finckh MR, Morris JG Jr. Environmental and health effects of the herbicide glyphosate. Sci. Total Environ. 2018; 616:255–268. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.309.
[6] Adiaha MS. The role of organic matter in tropical soil productivity. World Scientific News. 2017; 86(1):1–66.
[7] Itelima JU, Bang WJ, Sila MD, Onyimba IA, Egber OJ. A review: biofertilizer; a key player in enhancing soil fertility and crop productivity. J Microbiol. 2018; 2(1): 74–83. https://dspace.unijos.edu.ng/jspui/bitstream/123456789/1999/1/Itelima-et-al %281%29.pdf.
[8] Sutarman. Utilization Of Trichoderma sp. and Pseudomonas fluorescens as biofertilizer in shade-resistant soybean. ICEAT. 2019; doi:10.1088/1757-899X/821/1/012002.
[9] Wachid A, Sutarman, Inhibitory power test of two Trichoderma isolates in in vitro way againts Fusarium oxysporum the cause of red chili stem rot. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 2019; 1232 012020 https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1232/1/012020.
[10] Shang J, Liu B, Xu Z. Efficacy of Trichoderma asperellum TC01 against anthracnose and growth promotion of Camellia sinensis seedlings. Biol. Control. 2020; 143: 104205.
[11] He A, Liu J, Wang X, Zhang Q, Song W, Che J. Soil application of Trichoderma asperellum GDFS1009 granules promotes growth and resistance to Fusarium graminearum in maize. J. Integr. Agric. 2019; 18 (3): 599–606.
[12] Sutarman, Miftahurrohmat A, Nurmalasari IR, Prihatinnigrum AE. In vitro evaluation of the inhibitory power of Trichoderma harzianum against pathogens that cause anthracnose in Chili. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2021; 1764(2021)012026. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1764/1/012026.
[13] Navale V, Vamkudoth KR, Ajmera S, Dhuri V. Aspergillus derived mycotoxins in food and the environment: Prevalence, detection, and toxicity. Toxicology Reports. 2021; 8, 1008–1030.doi:10.1016/j.toxrep.2021.04.013
[14] Youssef FS, Alshammari E, Ashour ML. Bioactive alkaloids from genus Aspergillus: Mechanistic interpretation of their antimicrobial and potential SARS-CoV-2 inhibitory activity using molecular modelling. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021; 2, 1866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22041866.
[15] Wang S, Mo H, Xu D, Hu H, Hu L, Shuai L, Li H. Determination of volatile organic compounds by HS‐GC‐IMS to detect different stages of Aspergillus flavus infection in Xiang Ling walnut. Food Science & Nutrition, 2021; 9(5), 2703–2712.doi:10.1002/fsn3.2229.
[16] Agustina H. Peranan istri petani dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan rumah tangga. Al-Ulum Ilmu Sosial Dan Humaniora. 2016. 2(3): 224-244.
[17] Azizah SN, Eddy BT, Mardiningsih D. Peran ekonomi perempuan pada keluarga pemetik teh di PT. Rumpun Sari Medini Kabupaten Kendal. Jurnal Agrisocionomics. 2017; 1(2): 128-139. https://ejournal2.undip.ac.id /index.php/agrisocionomics/article/view/1877.
[18] Anindita A, Mardiningsih D, Dalmiyatun T. Peran anggota kelompok wanita tani (KWT) mandiri dalam perekonomian keluarga di Kelurahan Cepoko Kecamatan Gunungpati Kota Semarang. JIIA. 2019; 7 (4): 560-567.
[19] Salmon K, Baroleh J, Mandei J. Penerapan fungsi manajemen pada Kelompok Tani Asi Endo Di Desa Tewasen Kecamatan Amurang Barat Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan. Agri-SosioEkonomi Unsrat. 2017; 13(3A): 259-270.
[20] Fajriana, Muhammad, Setiawaty S, Azhari , Imanda R. Pemberdayaan masyarakat desa melalui pemanfaatan tanaman obat keluarga (Toga) sebagai upaya pencegahan Covid-19 secara praktis dan ekonomis. PRODIKMAS Jurnal Hasil Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. 2021; 6(2): 127-132. Doi: 10.30596/jp.v%vi%i.8631.
[21] Kusumajanti, Nashir A, Widiastuti N. Pemberdayaan Kelompok Pembudidaya Lele di Desa Curug, Gunung Sindur, Bogor. Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat. 2021; 6(4): 1025-1032. https://doi.org/10.30653/002.2020.
[22] Dewa PB, Sudarma IM, Suardi IDPO. Strategi pengembangan pemasaran pupuk kompos organik pada yayasan pemilahan sampah Temesi, Kabupaten Gianyar. Jurnal Manajemen Agribisnis. 2019; 7(2): 121-130.
[23] Mustanir A, Hamid H, Syarifuddin RN. Pemberdayaan kelompok wanita tani di kawasan perdesaan prioritas Nasional. In: Sakir, Budi Nugroho, Wahid Fatoni, editor. Sinergi Dan Strategi Akademisi, Business Dan Government (ABG) Dalam Mewujudkan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Yang Berkemajuan Di Era Industri 4.0. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Abdimas II 2019.; 27 Agustus 2019; Yogyakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta: UMY Press; 2019. p. 1606-1618.